Tree of Life

The ancestors and relatives of Ted and Verna (Bremer) Cash

Person Page 1,702

Hatsell Freeman

M, #42526, b. 1781, d. 21 September 1798
Last Edited14 April 2023
Relationship(s)5th great-granduncle of Ted Earl Cash

Parents

Father*Silvanus Freeman (b. 16 April 1740, d. 1791)
Mother*Leah Brainerd (b. 12 December 1740, d. 1799)
Interactive Pedigree Chart

Biography

Birth1781Birth: Hatsell Freeman was born in 1781 in East Hampton, Middlesex, Connecticut, United StatesB.1
Death21 September 1798Death: Hatsell Freeman died on 21 September 1798 at age ~17 in Old Saybrook, Middlesex, Connecticut, United StatesB. drowed with his brother Festus when a boat they were in upset.1

Citations

  1. [S2092] Mayflower Births and Deaths, Vol. 1 and 2

Godfrey Hopkins

M, #42527
Last Edited14 April 2023
Relationship(s)Partner of Paulina Freeman (5th great-grandaunt of Ted Earl Cash)
Interactive Pedigree Chart

Family: Paulina Freeman (b. 24 January 1771, d. 24 June 1830)

Biography

Marriage8 November 1795Marriage: Godfrey Hopkins and Paulina Freeman were married on 8 November 1795 in East Hampton, Middlesex, Connecticut, United StatesB.1

Citations

  1. [S2092] Mayflower Births and Deaths, Vol. 1 and 2

Nathaniel Freeman, I

M, #42528, b. 31 March 1718, d. 6 September 1791
Last Edited18 April 2023
Relationship(s)7th great-grandfather of Ted Earl Cash
ReferencesIndented Pedigree Chart
Ted's DNA Ancestors

Parents

Father*Prence Freeman (b. 3 January 1689, d. 14 April 1769)
Mother*Mary Doane (b. 15 November 1691, d. after October 1733)
Nathaniel Freeman
Interactive Pedigree Chart

Family: Martha Brown (b. 8 July 1720, d. 31 March 1801)

Son*Silvanus Freeman+ (b. 16 April 1740, d. 1791)
Daughter*Martha Freeman+ (b. 22 July 1742, d. 9 July 1819)
Daughter*Sarah Freeman (b. 23 February 1745)
Daughter*Priscilla Freeman (b. 24 September 1745, d. 12 June 1830)
Daughter*Lydia Freeman (b. 17 October 1746)
Daughter*Sarah Freeman (b. 23 February 1749, d. December 1749)
Son*Hatfield Freeman (b. 18 December 1749, d. 1 November 1774)
Daughter*Experience Freeman (b. 12 October 1750, d. 19 May 1815)
Son*Dr Nathaniel Freeman, II (b. 8 November 1751, d. 31 October 1799)

Biography

Birth31 March 1718Birth: Nathaniel Freeman, I, was born on 31 March 1718 in Sandwich, Barnstable, Massachusetts, British Colonial AmericaB.1,2
Marriage19 February 1737Marriage: Nathaniel Freeman, I, and Martha Brown were married on 19 February 1737 in Eastham, Barnstable, Massachusetts, British Colonial AmericaB.1,2
Death6 September 1791Death: Nathaniel Freeman, I, died on 6 September 1791 at age 73 in East Hampton, Middlesex, Connecticut, United StatesB.1

Citations

  1. [S2092] Mayflower Births and Deaths, Vol. 1 and 2
  2. [S1982] FamilySearch.org

Martha Brown

F, #42529, b. 8 July 1720, d. 31 March 1801
Last Edited14 April 2023
Relationship(s)7th great-grandmother of Ted Earl Cash
ReferencesIndented Pedigree Chart
Ted's DNA Ancestors

Parents

Father*Samuel Brown, II (b. 7 November 1690, d. 3 May 1739)
Mother*Lydia Fish (b. 1692, d. after 1734)
Martha Brown
Interactive Pedigree Chart

Family: Nathaniel Freeman, I, (b. 31 March 1718, d. 6 September 1791)

Son*Silvanus Freeman+ (b. 16 April 1740, d. 1791)
Daughter*Martha Freeman+ (b. 22 July 1742, d. 9 July 1819)
Daughter*Sarah Freeman (b. 23 February 1745)
Daughter*Priscilla Freeman (b. 24 September 1745, d. 12 June 1830)
Daughter*Lydia Freeman (b. 17 October 1746)
Daughter*Sarah Freeman (b. 23 February 1749, d. December 1749)
Son*Hatfield Freeman (b. 18 December 1749, d. 1 November 1774)
Daughter*Experience Freeman (b. 12 October 1750, d. 19 May 1815)
Son*Dr Nathaniel Freeman, II (b. 8 November 1751, d. 31 October 1799)

Biography

Birth8 July 1720Birth: Martha Brown was born on 8 July 1720 in Eastham, Barnstable, Massachusetts, British Colonial AmericaB.1
Marriage19 February 1737Marriage: Nathaniel Freeman, I, and Martha Brown were married on 19 February 1737 in Eastham, Barnstable, Massachusetts, British Colonial AmericaB.1,2
Death31 March 1801Death: Martha Brown died on 31 March 1801 at age 80 in East Hampton, Middlesex, Connecticut, United StatesB.1
Name19 February 1737As of 19 February 1737, Martha Brown was also known as Martha Freeman.1

Citations

  1. [S2092] Mayflower Births and Deaths, Vol. 1 and 2
  2. [S1982] FamilySearch.org

Martha Freeman

F, #42530, b. 22 July 1742, d. 9 July 1819
Last Edited14 April 2023
Relationship(s)6th great-grandaunt of Ted Earl Cash

Parents

Father*Nathaniel Freeman, I (b. 31 March 1718, d. 6 September 1791)
Mother*Martha Brown (b. 8 July 1720, d. 31 March 1801)
Interactive Pedigree Chart

Family: Jabez Arnold (b. 1738, d. 4 July 1822)

Son*Solomon Arnold
Son*Samuel Brown Prince Arnold+ (b. 2 August 1761, d. 7 August 1837)
Daughter*Martha Arnold+ (b. 24 February 1775, d. 23 March 1861)

Biography

Birth22 July 1742Birth: Martha Freeman was born on 22 July 1742 in Middletown, Middlesex, Connecticut, British Colonial AmericaB.1
Marriage3 April 1760Marriage: Jabez Arnold and Martha Freeman were married on 3 April 1760 in Middle Haddam, Middlesex, Connecticut, British Colonial AmericaB.2
Death9 July 1819Death: Martha Freeman died on 9 July 1819 at age 76 in Haddam Neck (East Hampton), Middlesex, Connecticut, United StatesB.2
Name3 April 1760As of 3 April 1760, Martha Freeman was also known as Martha Arnold.2

Citations

  1. [S2092] Mayflower Births and Deaths, Vol. 1 and 2
  2. [S2042] Ancestry Family Tree

Priscilla Freeman

F, #42531, b. 24 September 1745, d. 12 June 1830
Last Edited14 April 2023
Relationship(s)6th great-grandaunt of Ted Earl Cash

Parents

Father*Nathaniel Freeman, I (b. 31 March 1718, d. 6 September 1791)
Mother*Martha Brown (b. 8 July 1720, d. 31 March 1801)
Interactive Pedigree Chart

Family: Jonathan Burr, III, (b. 3 August 1741, d. 10 March 1807)

Biography

Birth24 September 1745Birth: Priscilla Freeman was born on 24 September 1745 in Middletown, Middlesex, Connecticut, British Colonial AmericaB.1
Marriage17 March 1763Marriage: Jonathan Burr, III, and Priscilla Freeman were married on 17 March 1763 in Middletown, Middlesex, Connecticut, British Colonial AmericaB.2
Death12 June 1830Death: Priscilla Freeman died on 12 June 1830 at age 84 in Ludlow, Hampden, Massachusetts, United StatesB.2
Name17 March 1763As of 17 March 1763, Priscilla Freeman was also known as Priscilla Burr.2

Citations

  1. [S2092] Mayflower Births and Deaths, Vol. 1 and 2
  2. [S1982] FamilySearch.org

Lydia Freeman

F, #42532, b. 17 October 1746
Last Edited14 April 2023
Relationship(s)6th great-grandaunt of Ted Earl Cash

Parents

Father*Nathaniel Freeman, I (b. 31 March 1718, d. 6 September 1791)
Mother*Martha Brown (b. 8 July 1720, d. 31 March 1801)
Interactive Pedigree Chart

Biography

Birth17 October 1746Birth: Lydia Freeman was born on 17 October 1746 in Middletown, Middlesex, Connecticut, British Colonial AmericaB.1
Marriage24 October 1824Marriage: John Thatcher and Lydia Freeman were married on 24 October 1824 in Middletown, Middlesex, Connecticut, United StatesB.2
Name24 October 1824As of 24 October 1824, Lydia Freeman was also known as Lydia Thatcher.2

Citations

  1. [S2092] Mayflower Births and Deaths, Vol. 1 and 2
  2. [S1982] FamilySearch.org

Hatfield Freeman

M, #42533, b. 18 December 1749, d. 1 November 1774
Last Edited14 April 2023
Relationship(s)6th great-granduncle of Ted Earl Cash

Parents

Father*Nathaniel Freeman, I (b. 31 March 1718, d. 6 September 1791)
Mother*Martha Brown (b. 8 July 1720, d. 31 March 1801)
Interactive Pedigree Chart

Biography

Birth18 December 1749Birth: Hatfield Freeman was born on 18 December 1749 in Middletown, Middlesex, Connecticut, British Colonial AmericaB.1
Death1 November 1774Death: Hatfield Freeman died on 1 November 1774 at age 24 in British Colonial AmericaB.2

Citations

  1. [S2092] Mayflower Births and Deaths, Vol. 1 and 2
  2. [S1982] FamilySearch.org

Dr Nathaniel Freeman, II

M, #42534, b. 8 November 1751, d. 31 October 1799
Last Edited14 April 2023
Relationship(s)6th great-granduncle of Ted Earl Cash

Parents

Father*Nathaniel Freeman, I (b. 31 March 1718, d. 6 September 1791)
Mother*Martha Brown (b. 8 July 1720, d. 31 March 1801)
Interactive Pedigree Chart

Biography

Birth8 November 1751Birth: Dr Nathaniel Freeman, II, was born on 8 November 1751 in Middletown, Middlesex, Connecticut, British Colonial AmericaB.1
MarriageMarriage: Dr Nathaniel Freeman, II, and Olivia Cornwall were married.1
Death31 October 1799Death: Dr Nathaniel Freeman, II, died on 31 October 1799 at age 47.1

Citations

  1. [S2092] Mayflower Births and Deaths, Vol. 1 and 2

Olivia Cornwall

F, #42535
Last Edited14 April 2023
Relationship(s)Partner of Dr Nathaniel Freeman, II (6th great-granduncle of Ted Earl Cash)
Interactive Pedigree Chart

Family: Dr Nathaniel Freeman, II, (b. 8 November 1751, d. 31 October 1799)

Biography

MarriageMarriage: Dr Nathaniel Freeman, II, and Olivia Cornwall were married.1
Namebefore 1806As of before 1806, Olivia Cornwall was also known as Olivia Freeman.1

Citations

  1. [S2092] Mayflower Births and Deaths, Vol. 1 and 2

Prence Freeman

M, #42536, b. 3 January 1689, d. 14 April 1769
Last Edited14 April 2023
Relationship(s)8th great-grandfather of Ted Earl Cash
ReferencesIndented Pedigree Chart

Parents

Father*Deacon Thomas Freeman (b. 16 September 1653, d. 9 February 1715)
Mother*Rebecca Sparrow (b. 30 October 1655, d. 7 February 1740)
Interactive Pedigree Chart

Family: Mary Doane (b. 15 November 1691, d. after October 1733)

Daughter*Priscilla Freeman (b. 6 May 1714, d. 11 February 1776)
Son*Hatsel Freeman (b. 7 March 1716, d. July 1739)
Son*Nathaniel Freeman, I+ (b. 31 March 1718, d. 6 September 1791)
Daughter*Hannah Louise Freeman (b. 31 May 1719, d. 1786)
Daughter*Mary Freeman (b. May 1721)
Daughter*Susanna Freeman (b. May 1723, d. 1791)
Son*Barnabas Freeman (b. 20 May 1724, d. about 1799)
Daughter*Keziah Freeman (b. 9 October 1726, d. 17 March 1814)
Son*Moses Freeman (b. 11 November 1730, d. before 3 June 1782)
Daughter*Elizabeth Freeman (b. 15 October 1733)

Biography

Birth3 January 1689Birth: Prence Freeman was born on 3 January 1689 in Eastham, Barnstable, Massachusetts, British Colonial AmericaB.1
Marriage20 March 1711Marriage: Prence Freeman and Mary Doane were married on 20 March 1711 in Orleans, Barnstable, Massachusetts, British Colonial AmericaB.1,2
Death14 April 1769Death: Prence Freeman died on 14 April 1769 at age 80 in East Hampton, Middlesex, Connecticut, British Colonial AmericaB.1

Citations

  1. [S2092] Mayflower Births and Deaths, Vol. 1 and 2
  2. [S2139] Massachusetts, Town and Vital Records, 1620-1988

Mary Doane

F, #42537, b. 15 November 1691, d. after October 1733
Last Edited14 April 2023
Relationship(s)8th great-grandmother of Ted Earl Cash
ReferencesIndented Pedigree Chart

Parents

Father*Joseph Doane (b. 27 June 1669, d. 27 June 1757)
Mother*Mary Godfrey (b. 2 June 1672, d. 22 July 1725)
Interactive Pedigree Chart

Family: Prence Freeman (b. 3 January 1689, d. 14 April 1769)

Daughter*Priscilla Freeman (b. 6 May 1714, d. 11 February 1776)
Son*Hatsel Freeman (b. 7 March 1716, d. July 1739)
Son*Nathaniel Freeman, I+ (b. 31 March 1718, d. 6 September 1791)
Daughter*Hannah Louise Freeman (b. 31 May 1719, d. 1786)
Daughter*Mary Freeman (b. May 1721)
Daughter*Susanna Freeman (b. May 1723, d. 1791)
Son*Barnabas Freeman (b. 20 May 1724, d. about 1799)
Daughter*Keziah Freeman (b. 9 October 1726, d. 17 March 1814)
Son*Moses Freeman (b. 11 November 1730, d. before 3 June 1782)
Daughter*Elizabeth Freeman (b. 15 October 1733)

Biography

Birth15 November 1691Birth: Mary Doane was born on 15 November 1691 in Eastham, Barnstable, Massachusetts, British Colonial AmericaB.1
Marriage20 March 1711Marriage: Prence Freeman and Mary Doane were married on 20 March 1711 in Orleans, Barnstable, Massachusetts, British Colonial AmericaB.1,2
Deathafter October 1733Death: Mary Doane died after October 1733 in Haddam Neck (East Hampton), Middlesex, Connecticut, British Colonial AmericaB.3
Name20 March 1711As of 20 March 1711, Mary Doane was also known as Mary Freeman.1

Citations

  1. [S2092] Mayflower Births and Deaths, Vol. 1 and 2
  2. [S2139] Massachusetts, Town and Vital Records, 1620-1988
  3. [S1982] FamilySearch.org

Deacon Thomas Freeman

M, #42538, b. 16 September 1653, d. 9 February 1715
Last Edited18 April 2023
Relationship(s)9th great-grandfather of Ted Earl Cash
ReferencesIndented Pedigree Chart
Ted's DNA Ancestors

Parents

Father*Major John Freeman, I (b. 28 January 1626, d. 28 October 1719)
Mother*Mercy Prence (b. about 1631, d. 28 September 1711)
Thomas Freeman
Interactive Pedigree Chart

Family: Rebecca Sparrow (b. 30 October 1655, d. 7 February 1740)

Daughter*Mercy Freeman+ (b. 30 October 1674, d. 30 August 1747)
Son*Thomas Freeman+ (b. 11 October 1676, d. 22 March 1716)
Son*Jonathan Freeman (b. 11 November 1678, d. 27 April 1714)
Son*Edmund Freeman+ (b. 11 October 1680, d. 10 March 1745)
Son*Joseph Freeman+ (b. 11 February 1682, d. from 10 March 1756 to 18 March 1756)
Son*Joshua Freeman (b. 7 March 1684)
Daughter*Hannah Freeman (b. 28 September 1687, d. 25 August 1707)
Son*Prence Freeman+ (b. 3 January 1689, d. 14 April 1769)
Son*Hatsuld Freeman (b. 27 March 1691, d. 23 May 1773)
Daughter*Rebecca Freeman (b. 26 April 1694, d. 1 September 1761)

Biography

Birth16 September 1653Birth: Deacon Thomas Freeman was born on 16 September 1653 in Eastham, Barnstable, Massachusetts, British Colonial AmericaB.1,2
Marriage31 December 1673Marriage: Deacon Thomas Freeman and Rebecca Sparrow were married on 31 December 1673 in Harwich, Barnstable, Massachusetts, British Colonial AmericaB.1,3
Death9 February 1715Death: Deacon Thomas Freeman died on 9 February 1715 at age 61 in Harwich, Barnstable, Massachusetts, British Colonial AmericaB.1

Citations

  1. [S2092] Mayflower Births and Deaths, Vol. 1 and 2
  2. [S1982] FamilySearch.org
  3. [S2094] Brewster Genealogy, 1566-1907

Mercy Prence

F, #42539, b. about 1631, d. 28 September 1711
Last Edited14 April 2023
Relationship(s)10th great-grandmother of Ted Earl Cash
ReferencesIndented Pedigree Chart
Ted's DNA Ancestors

Parents

Father*Governor Thomas Prence (b. about 1600, d. 29 March 1673)
Mother*Patience Brewster (b. about 1600, d. 1634)
Mercy Prence
Interactive Pedigree Chart

Family: Major John Freeman, I, (b. 28 January 1626, d. 28 October 1719)

Son*John Freeman (b. 2 February 1650, d. before 31 December 1650)
Son*John Freeman, II+ (b. December 1651, d. 27 July 1721)
Son*Deacon Thomas Freeman+ (b. 16 September 1653, d. 9 February 1715)
Son*Lieutenant Edmund Freeman+ (b. 6 June 1657, d. 10 December 1717)
Daughter*Mercy Freeman+ (b. 23 June 1659, d. 19 June 1744)
Son*William Freeman+ (b. October 1662, d. before 31 May 1687)
Daughter*Hannah Freeman+ (b. about 1664, d. 15 February 1743)
Daughter*Patience Freeman+ (b. about 1664, d. 15 February 1745)
Son*Prence Freeman (b. 3 February 1665, d. 1747)
Son*Nathaniel Freeman+ (b. 20 March 1669, d. 4 January 1760)
Daughter*Bennet Freeman+ (b. 7 March 1670, d. 30 May 1716)

Biography

Birthabout 1631Birth: Mercy Prence was born about 1631 in Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts, British Colonial AmericaB.1,2
Marriage13 February 1649Marriage: Major John Freeman, I, and Mercy Prence were married on 13 February 1649 in Eastham, Barnstable, Massachusetts, British Colonial AmericaB.2
Death28 September 1711Death: Mercy Prence died on 28 September 1711 at age ~80 in Eastham, Barnstable, Massachusetts, British Colonial AmericaB.2
Name13 February 1649As of 13 February 1649, Mercy Prence was also known as Mercy Freeman.2

Citations

  1. [S2092] Mayflower Births and Deaths, Vol. 1 and 2
  2. [S1651] U.S., Find a Grave® Index, 1600s-Current

Governor Thomas Prence

M, #42540, b. about 1600, d. 29 March 1673
Last Edited14 April 2023
Relationship(s)11th great-grandfather of Ted Earl Cash
ReferencesIndented Pedigree Chart

Parents

Father*Thomas Prence, IV (b. 29 January 1576, d. 31 July 1630)
Mother*Elizabeth Todlerby (b. 1577, d. 14 August 1630)
Gov Thomas Prence
Interactive Pedigree Chart

Family 1: Patience Brewster (b. about 1600, d. 1634)

Son*Thomas Prence (b. before 22 May 1627, d. before 1677)
Daughter*Rebecca Prence+ (b. 22 May 1627, d. 18 July 1651)
Daughter*Mercy Prence+ (b. about 1631, d. 28 September 1711)
Daughter*Hannah Prence (b. before 1635, d. before 23 November 1698)

Family 2: Mary Collier (b. before 18 February 1612, d. before 1644)

Daughter*Jane Prence (b. 1 November 1637, d. 28 June 1712)

Family 3: Apphia Quicke

Family 4: Mary Burr

Biography

Birthabout 1600Birth: Governor Thomas Prence was born about 1600 in Lechlade-On-Thames, Gloucestershire, England, United KingdomB.1,2
Marriage5 August 1624Marriage: Governor Thomas Prence and Patience Brewster were married on 5 August 1624 in Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts, United StatesB.1,2
Marriage1 April 1635Marriage: Governor Thomas Prence and Mary Collier were married on 1 April 1635 in British Colonial AmericaB.3
Marriage1644Marriage: Governor Thomas Prence and Apphia Quicke were married in 1644 in Plymouth, Massachusetts, British Colonial AmericaB.2
MarriageAugust 1668Marriage: Governor Thomas Prence and Mary Burr were married in August 1668 in Plymouth, Massachusetts, British Colonial AmericaB.2
Death29 March 1673Death: Governor Thomas Prence died on 29 March 1673 at age ~73 in Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts, British Colonial AmericaB.2
ImmigrationNovember 16212
Residence1635Residence: Governor Thomas Prence lived in Duxbury, Plymouth, Massachusetts, British Colonial AmericaB, in 1635.3
Residence1644Residence: Governor Thomas Prence lived in Eastham, Barnstable, Massachusetts, British Colonial AmericaB, in 1644.3
Memo1674Memo: Colonial Royal Governor. He was born about 1600 (based on his age at the time of his death), and was the son of Thomas Prence, carriage-maker, of Lechdale, Co.Gloucestershire, England. He came to America on the ship "Fortune" in 1621, and he served as the fourth Governor of Plymouth Colony from 1634 to 1635, then from 1638 to 1639, and again from 1657 until his death in 1673. He was married four times, and had children by each of his first two wives, and probably by his third wife. He married, first, on Aug 5, 1624 at Plymouth, Patience Brewster. He married, second, on Apr 1, 1635 at Plymouth, Mary Collier. He married, third, by 1644, Mrs. Apphia (Quicke) Freeman. According to recent analysis in the Great Migration Begins series, she is perhaps the mother of Thomas' last three children. He married, fourth, by August 1668, Mrs Mary (Burr) Howes.

Children (by first marriage): Rebecca Prence Freeman (first wife of Edmund Freeman), Thomas Prence, Hannah Prence Mayo Sparrow, and Mercy Prence Freeman.

Children (by second marriage): Jane Prence Snow and Mary Prence Tracy (wife of John Tracy).

Children (perhaps by third marriage): Judith Prence Barker Tubbs, Elizabeth Prence Howland, and Sarah Prence Howes.2

Citations

  1. [S2092] Mayflower Births and Deaths, Vol. 1 and 2
  2. [S1651] U.S., Find a Grave® Index, 1600s-Current
  3. [S2094] Brewster Genealogy, 1566-1907

Patience Brewster

F, #42541, b. about 1600, d. 1634
Last Edited14 April 2023
Relationship(s)11th great-grandmother of Ted Earl Cash
ReferencesIndented Pedigree Chart

Parents

Father*Elder William Brewster, IV (b. about 1566, d. 10 April 1644)
Mother*Mary (--?--) (b. about 1567, d. 17 April 1627)
Patience Brewster
Interactive Pedigree Chart

Family: Governor Thomas Prence (b. about 1600, d. 29 March 1673)

Son*Thomas Prence (b. before 22 May 1627, d. before 1677)
Daughter*Rebecca Prence+ (b. 22 May 1627, d. 18 July 1651)
Daughter*Mercy Prence+ (b. about 1631, d. 28 September 1711)
Daughter*Hannah Prence (b. before 1635, d. before 23 November 1698)

Biography

Birthabout 1600Birth: Patience Brewster was born about 1600 in Scrooby, Nottinghamshire, England, United KingdomB.1
Marriage5 August 1624Marriage: Governor Thomas Prence and Patience Brewster were married on 5 August 1624 in Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts, United StatesB.1,2
Death1634Death: Patience Brewster died in 1634 at age ~34 in Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts, British Colonial AmericaB.2
ImmigrationJuly 16233
Name5 August 1624As of 5 August 1624, Patience Brewster was also known as Patience Prence.1,2
Memo1635Memo: Patience Brewster was born most likely in Scrooby, England, to Elder William Brewster and Mary (maiden name varies by source). Her birthdate ranges from 1595 to 1603.

She arrived in Plymouth aboard the "Anne" in 1623 along with her sister, Fear. Her parents and brothers, Love and Wrestling, arrived during 1620 on the Mayflower. Her other brother, Jonathan, arrived with her future husband, Thomas Prence, on the ship Fortune.
On August 5, 1624, she married Thomas Prence who would, on January 1, 1634, become the 4th Governor of the Colony. Together, they had four children, Rebecca, Thomas, Hannah and Mercy.2
WitnessMemo: [from New England Historic Genealogical Society]

WILLIAM BREWSTER
ORIGIN: Leiden, Holland

MIGRATION: 1620 on Mayflower

FIRST RESIDENCE: Plymouth

REMOVES: Duxbury

OCCUPATION: Publisher (in Leiden). (See R. Breugelmans, ed., The Pilgrim Press, a bibliographical & historical memorial of the books printed at Leyden by the Pilgrim Fathers by Rendel Harris & Stephen R. Jones, With a chapter on the location of the Pilgrim Press in Leyden by Dr. Plooij, Partial reprint with new contributions by R. Breugelmans, J.A. Gruys & Keith Sprunger [Nieuwkoop 1987].)

CHURCH MEMBERSHIP: Morison summarized Brewster's church activities prior to 1620: "One of the original members of the separatist congregation at Scrooby which became the nucleus of the Pilgrim church, he immigrated with them to Holland in 1608, and became elder and teacher of their church at Leyden" [Morison 368]. With no minister at the Plymouth church for most of the years before Brewster's death, he was the lay leader and preached to the congregation regularly, and continued in this manner after his move to Duxbury. In the course of relating the controversy surrounding John Lyford, Bradford recounts how "our reverend Elder hath labored diligently in dispensing the Word of God to us, before he came: and since, hath taken equal pains with himself, in preaching the same" [Bradford 162]. Included in the inventory of his library were "7 sermons by W B," which may have been his notes for some of his own sermons.

FREEMAN: In 1633 Plymouth list of freemen, prior to those admitted on 1 January 1632/3 [PCR 1:3]. In list of 7 March 1636/7 [PCR 1:52]. In Plymouth section of list of 1639 (annotated "dead") [PCR 8: 173].

EDUCATION: Entered Peterhouse, Cambridge, 3 December 1580, but did not graduate [Venn 1:213; Morison 368]. Within the inventory of William Brewster separate listings were made of his Latin and English books, with nearly four hundred titles included; "the total of both Latin & English books amounts to the sum of £42 19s. 1 Id." [MD 3:27].

ESTATE: In the list of Plymouth "meersteads & garden plots of [those] which came first laid out 1620" Mr. W[illia]m Brewster is on the south side of the street, at the corner of the highway, and next to John Goodman [PCR 12:3].

In the 1623 Plymouth land division Mr. William Brewster received six acres as a passenger on the Mayflower, and "Pacience & Fear Brewster" received two acres as passengers on the Anne [PCR 12:4, 6]. In the 1627 Plymouth cattle division "Mr. Will[ia]m Brewster," Love Brewster and Wrestling Brewster were the first three names in the fifth company [PCR 12:10].

Assessed £1 7s in the Plymouth tax lists of 25 March 1633 and 27 March 1634 [PCR 1:9, 27].

Administration on the estate of William Brewster was granted on 5 June 1644 to Jonathan Brewster and Love Brewster [MD 3:15, citing PCR 2:101]. The inventory of the estate of William Brewster, taken 18 May 1644, totalled £150 7d., with no real estate included [MD 3:15-27, citing PCPR 1 :53-59].

"Whereas William Brewster late of Plymouth, gent., deceased left only two sons surviving vizt. Jonathan the eldest and Love the younger and whereas the said William died intestate for ought can to this day appear," the two sons requested William Bradford, Edward Winslow, Thomas Prence and Myles Standish to assist them in coming to an agreement, and on 20 August 1645 a division was made. Jonathan Brewster was excused the debt he had owed to his father, except £4 "in consideration of the wintering of some cattle which the said Jonathan had the summering upon the division and for the diet of Isaack Allerton a grandchild of the said Will[ia]m which he had placed with his son Love to table and because he was the first born of his father we gave him his father's arms and also a two year old heifer over and above his part of the dividables of the said estate," and Love received his father's dwelling house. The lands were divided equally, except for a dispute over the lands at Duxbury, of which sixty-eight acres went to Jonathan (along with a "dwelling house which the said Jonathan had built on the said land by leave of his said father") and forty-three acres went to Love "and the reason wherefore we gave Love the less quantity was and is because the quality of Love's land in goodness is equal to the quantity of Jonathan's as we judge" [MD 3:27-30, citing PCLR 1:198-99; PCR 12:115-17].

BIRTH: About 1566, probably at Scrooby, Nottinghamshire, son of William Brewster.

DEATH: Duxbury 10 April 1644 [MD 1:7].

MARRIAGE: By 1593 Mary____. She died at Plymouth 17 April 1627 [MD 1:7]. (See COMMENTS below for discussion of her identity.)

CHILDREN:

JONATHAN BREWSTER, b. Scrooby, Nottinghamshire, 12 August 1593 [MD 1:7]; m. Plymouth 10 April 1624 "Lucretia Oldam of Darby" [MD 1:8]; she was bp. All Saints, Derby, Derbyshire, 14 January 1600/1, and was sister of JOHN OLDHAM [PM 345].
PATIENCE BREWSTER, b. say 1603; m. Plymouth 5 August 1624 THOMAS PRENCE [PM 374], "the ninth marriage at New Plymouth" [Prince 229].
FEAR BREWSTER, b. say 1605; m. Plymouth by 1627 ISAAC ALLERTON [Bradford 218,242; PM 10].
LOVE BREWSTER, b. say 1607; m. Plymouth 15 May 1634 Sarah Collier [PCR 1:30], daughter of WILLIAM COLLIER [PM 128].
Child BREWSTER, bur. St. Pancras, Leiden, 20 June 1609 [NS] [Dexter 605].
WRESTLING BREWSTER, b. say 1611; d. unm after 1627 and by 1651 [Bradford 444; see GDMNH 109, MD 43:13, Waterhouse Anc 67].
COMMENTS: In his list of passengers on the Mayflower Bradford included "Mr. William Brewster, Mary, his wife, with two sons, whose names were Love and Wrestling" [Bradford 441]. In the accounting of 1651 we find that "Mr. Brewster lived to very old age; about 80 years he was when he died, having lived some 23 or 24 years here in the country. And though his wife died long before, yet she died aged. His son Wrestling died a young man unmarried. His son Love lived till this year 1650 and died and left four children, now living. His daughters which came over after him are dead but have left sundry children alive. His eldest son is still living and hath nine or ten children; one married who hath a child or two" [Bradford 444].

The quest for the identity of Mary, the wife of William Brewster, has attracted the attention of many genealogists, but as yet without a definitive result. For some time she had been thought to be Mary Wentworth, daughter of Thomas Wentworth of Scrooby, and in 1965 John G. Hunt presented his case in favor of this identity [TAG 41:1-5, 63], but this claim was rejected by Rubincam and others, and Hunt himself has now given up this position. He has, however, published a pamphlet claiming that she was a certain Mary Wyrrall, based on the appearance in a will of a bequest to "Mary Butho," which Hunt took be a variant of Brewster resulting from a speech defect in the person dictating the will [John G. Hunt, Of Mary Brewster: The Identity of Mary, Wife of Elder William BREWSTER of the Mayflower Voyage of 1620 from Plymouth, England, to New Plymouth, New England (Bowling Green, Virginia, 1984)]. Eugene A. Stratton reviewed this volume negatively in 1985 [Detroit Society for Genealogical Research Magazine 48:135-36], to which Hunt responded with a supplement to his pamphlet [Of Mary Brewster, part two (Bowling Green, Virginia, August 1985]. The maiden surname of Mary, wife of Elder Brewster, remains unknown. (Hunt has published other articles on various aspects of William Brewster's life, which, as with all of Hunt's work, need to be used with caution: "'Master Williamson' of the Mayflower" [NGSQ 62:88-90]; "The Mother of Elder William Brewster of the Mayflower" [NEHGR 124:250-56]; "Mary Stubbe - A Connection of Elder William Brewster?" [NEHGR 128:288-90].)

A number of other children have been proposed for William Brewster, although there is no reason to accept any of these proposals. Jacobus in 1936 disposed of the claimed connections between William Brewster of Plymouth and Francis Brewster of New Haven and his son Nathaniel [TAG 12:199-210, 13:8-21, 113-116]. Mary Walton Ferris proposed a son Edward, for whom there is no evidence [Dawes-Gates 2:151].

BIBLIOGRAPHIC NOTE: Emma C. Brewster Jones published early in this century a serviceable genealogy of the family [The Brewster Genealogy, 1566-1907 ..., 2 volumes (New York 1908)]. Among the many versions of the family published in all-my-ancestor volumes the most complete is that of Mary Walton Ferris [Dawes-Gates 2:142-56].

The General Society of Mayflower Descendants published in its "Mayflower Families in Progress" series an accounting of the first four generations of descendants of William Brewster, prepared by Barbara Lambert Merrick, the third edition of which was published in 2000. Two additional volumes by the same compiler were published in 1999 and 2000, the first of these on the fifth-generation descendants of son Jonathan Brewster, and the second on the fifth-generation descendants of daughter Patience (Brewster) Prence.

In 1985 and 1986 Jeremy D. Bangs published a three-part article presenting and discussing all known documents naming Jonathan Brewster in Leiden [MQ 51:161-67, 52:6-16, 57-63]. Bangs examined the claim made by the Dexters that Jonathan Brewster had an earlier wife and child while residing in Leiden and determined that the records cited by the Dexters did not pertain to Jonathan Brewster.4

Citations

  1. [S2092] Mayflower Births and Deaths, Vol. 1 and 2
  2. [S1651] U.S., Find a Grave® Index, 1600s-Current
  3. [S2093] MayflowerHistory.com by Caleb Johnson
  4. [S4171] New England Historic Genealogical Society

Elder William Brewster, IV

M, #42542, b. about 1566, d. 10 April 1644
Last Edited31 July 2023
Relationship(s)12th great-grandfather of Ted Earl Cash
ReferencesIndented Pedigree Chart

Parents

Father*William Brewster, III (b. about 1534, d. 10 August 1590)
Mother*Mary Smythe (b. 1535, d. July 1590)
William Brewster IV
Interactive Pedigree Chart

Family: Mary (--?--) (b. about 1567, d. 17 April 1627)

Son*Jonathan Brewster+ (b. 12 August 1593, d. 7 August 1659)
Daughter*Patience Brewster+ (b. about 1600, d. 1634)
Daughter*Fear Brewster (b. about 1606, d. before 12 December 1634)
Child*A Child Brewster (b. about 1609, d. 20 June 1609)
Son*Love Brewster (b. 1611, d. from 6 October 1650 to 31 January 1651)
Son*Wrestling Brewster (b. 1614, d. from 1627 to 1644)

Biography

Birthabout 1566Birth: Elder William Brewster, IV, was born about 1566 in Scrooby, Nottinghamshire, England, United KingdomB.1
Marriage1592Marriage: Elder William Brewster, IV, and Mary (--?--) were married in 1592 in Scrooby, Nottinghamshire, England, United KingdomB.2
Death10 April 1644Death: Elder William Brewster, IV, died on 10 April 1644 at age ~78 in Duxbury, Plymouth, Massachusetts, British Colonial AmericaB.1
Emigration (fam)16 September 1620Emigration: Elder William Brewster, IV, and Mary (--?--) emigrated on 16 September 1620 from Plymouth, Devon, England, United KingdomB.3
Note11 November 1620Note: He was one of the signers of the Mayflower Compact on 11 November 1620 at Plymouth RockB in Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts, British Colonial AmericaB.
Immigration (fam)11 November 1620Immigration: Elder William Brewster, IV, and Mary (--?--) immigrated on 11 November 1620 to Cape Cod, Barnstable, Massachusetts, British Colonial AmericaB, aboard the Mayflower.2
Memo2017Memo: Pilgrim colonist, leader and preacher
Elder William Brewster came from Scrooby, in north Nottinghamshire and reached what became the Plymouth Colony in the Mayflower in 1620. He was accompanied by his wife, Mary Brewster, and his sons, Love Brewster and Wrestling Brewster. The town of Brewster, Barnstable, MA was incorporated Febr 19, 1803 and was named for Elder William Brewster. A large part of the inhabitants being his descendants

William Brewster attended Peterhouse College, Cambridge 1580-1583; was postmaster and baliff-receiver at Scrooby, England 1590-1607. Organized Scrooby congregation 1606-1609; removed his family to Amsterdam and later to Leyden, Holland where he tutored 1609-1616 and was ruling Elder 1616-1619. He was in flight and hiding in England in 1619-1620 while arranging passage for the Sainets to New England. William, his wife and two youngest sons arrived Plymouth via the Mayflower in 1620. At Plymouth, William was Ruling Elder until 1643. He was also purchaser 1626; Undertaker 1627-16414
Memo (fam)Memo: [from New England Historic Genealogical Society]

WILLIAM BREWSTER
ORIGIN: Leiden, Holland

MIGRATION: 1620 on Mayflower

FIRST RESIDENCE: Plymouth

REMOVES: Duxbury

OCCUPATION: Publisher (in Leiden). (See R. Breugelmans, ed., The Pilgrim Press, a bibliographical & historical memorial of the books printed at Leyden by the Pilgrim Fathers by Rendel Harris & Stephen R. Jones, With a chapter on the location of the Pilgrim Press in Leyden by Dr. Plooij, Partial reprint with new contributions by R. Breugelmans, J.A. Gruys & Keith Sprunger [Nieuwkoop 1987].)

CHURCH MEMBERSHIP: Morison summarized Brewster's church activities prior to 1620: "One of the original members of the separatist congregation at Scrooby which became the nucleus of the Pilgrim church, he immigrated with them to Holland in 1608, and became elder and teacher of their church at Leyden" [Morison 368]. With no minister at the Plymouth church for most of the years before Brewster's death, he was the lay leader and preached to the congregation regularly, and continued in this manner after his move to Duxbury. In the course of relating the controversy surrounding John Lyford, Bradford recounts how "our reverend Elder hath labored diligently in dispensing the Word of God to us, before he came: and since, hath taken equal pains with himself, in preaching the same" [Bradford 162]. Included in the inventory of his library were "7 sermons by W B," which may have been his notes for some of his own sermons.

FREEMAN: In 1633 Plymouth list of freemen, prior to those admitted on 1 January 1632/3 [PCR 1:3]. In list of 7 March 1636/7 [PCR 1:52]. In Plymouth section of list of 1639 (annotated "dead") [PCR 8: 173].

EDUCATION: Entered Peterhouse, Cambridge, 3 December 1580, but did not graduate [Venn 1:213; Morison 368]. Within the inventory of William Brewster separate listings were made of his Latin and English books, with nearly four hundred titles included; "the total of both Latin & English books amounts to the sum of £42 19s. 1 Id." [MD 3:27].

ESTATE: In the list of Plymouth "meersteads & garden plots of [those] which came first laid out 1620" Mr. W[illia]m Brewster is on the south side of the street, at the corner of the highway, and next to John Goodman [PCR 12:3].

In the 1623 Plymouth land division Mr. William Brewster received six acres as a passenger on the Mayflower, and "Pacience & Fear Brewster" received two acres as passengers on the Anne [PCR 12:4, 6]. In the 1627 Plymouth cattle division "Mr. Will[ia]m Brewster," Love Brewster and Wrestling Brewster were the first three names in the fifth company [PCR 12:10].

Assessed £1 7s in the Plymouth tax lists of 25 March 1633 and 27 March 1634 [PCR 1:9, 27].

Administration on the estate of William Brewster was granted on 5 June 1644 to Jonathan Brewster and Love Brewster [MD 3:15, citing PCR 2:101]. The inventory of the estate of William Brewster, taken 18 May 1644, totalled £150 7d., with no real estate included [MD 3:15-27, citing PCPR 1 :53-59].

"Whereas William Brewster late of Plymouth, gent., deceased left only two sons surviving vizt. Jonathan the eldest and Love the younger and whereas the said William died intestate for ought can to this day appear," the two sons requested William Bradford, Edward Winslow, Thomas Prence and Myles Standish to assist them in coming to an agreement, and on 20 August 1645 a division was made. Jonathan Brewster was excused the debt he had owed to his father, except £4 "in consideration of the wintering of some cattle which the said Jonathan had the summering upon the division and for the diet of Isaack Allerton a grandchild of the said Will[ia]m which he had placed with his son Love to table and because he was the first born of his father we gave him his father's arms and also a two year old heifer over and above his part of the dividables of the said estate," and Love received his father's dwelling house. The lands were divided equally, except for a dispute over the lands at Duxbury, of which sixty-eight acres went to Jonathan (along with a "dwelling house which the said Jonathan had built on the said land by leave of his said father") and forty-three acres went to Love "and the reason wherefore we gave Love the less quantity was and is because the quality of Love's land in goodness is equal to the quantity of Jonathan's as we judge" [MD 3:27-30, citing PCLR 1:198-99; PCR 12:115-17].

BIRTH: About 1566, probably at Scrooby, Nottinghamshire, son of William Brewster.

DEATH: Duxbury 10 April 1644 [MD 1:7].

MARRIAGE: By 1593 Mary____. She died at Plymouth 17 April 1627 [MD 1:7]. (See COMMENTS below for discussion of her identity.)

CHILDREN:

JONATHAN BREWSTER, b. Scrooby, Nottinghamshire, 12 August 1593 [MD 1:7]; m. Plymouth 10 April 1624 "Lucretia Oldam of Darby" [MD 1:8]; she was bp. All Saints, Derby, Derbyshire, 14 January 1600/1, and was sister of JOHN OLDHAM [PM 345].
PATIENCE BREWSTER, b. say 1603; m. Plymouth 5 August 1624 THOMAS PRENCE [PM 374], "the ninth marriage at New Plymouth" [Prince 229].
FEAR BREWSTER, b. say 1605; m. Plymouth by 1627 ISAAC ALLERTON [Bradford 218,242; PM 10].
LOVE BREWSTER, b. say 1607; m. Plymouth 15 May 1634 Sarah Collier [PCR 1:30], daughter of WILLIAM COLLIER [PM 128].
Child BREWSTER, bur. St. Pancras, Leiden, 20 June 1609 [NS] [Dexter 605].
WRESTLING BREWSTER, b. say 1611; d. unm after 1627 and by 1651 [Bradford 444; see GDMNH 109, MD 43:13, Waterhouse Anc 67].
COMMENTS: In his list of passengers on the Mayflower Bradford included "Mr. William Brewster, Mary, his wife, with two sons, whose names were Love and Wrestling" [Bradford 441]. In the accounting of 1651 we find that "Mr. Brewster lived to very old age; about 80 years he was when he died, having lived some 23 or 24 years here in the country. And though his wife died long before, yet she died aged. His son Wrestling died a young man unmarried. His son Love lived till this year 1650 and died and left four children, now living. His daughters which came over after him are dead but have left sundry children alive. His eldest son is still living and hath nine or ten children; one married who hath a child or two" [Bradford 444].

The quest for the identity of Mary, the wife of William Brewster, has attracted the attention of many genealogists, but as yet without a definitive result. For some time she had been thought to be Mary Wentworth, daughter of Thomas Wentworth of Scrooby, and in 1965 John G. Hunt presented his case in favor of this identity [TAG 41:1-5, 63], but this claim was rejected by Rubincam and others, and Hunt himself has now given up this position. He has, however, published a pamphlet claiming that she was a certain Mary Wyrrall, based on the appearance in a will of a bequest to "Mary Butho," which Hunt took be a variant of Brewster resulting from a speech defect in the person dictating the will [John G. Hunt, Of Mary Brewster: The Identity of Mary, Wife of Elder William BREWSTER of the Mayflower Voyage of 1620 from Plymouth, England, to New Plymouth, New England (Bowling Green, Virginia, 1984)]. Eugene A. Stratton reviewed this volume negatively in 1985 [Detroit Society for Genealogical Research Magazine 48:135-36], to which Hunt responded with a supplement to his pamphlet [Of Mary Brewster, part two (Bowling Green, Virginia, August 1985]. The maiden surname of Mary, wife of Elder Brewster, remains unknown. (Hunt has published other articles on various aspects of William Brewster's life, which, as with all of Hunt's work, need to be used with caution: "'Master Williamson' of the Mayflower" [NGSQ 62:88-90]; "The Mother of Elder William Brewster of the Mayflower" [NEHGR 124:250-56]; "Mary Stubbe - A Connection of Elder William Brewster?" [NEHGR 128:288-90].)

A number of other children have been proposed for William Brewster, although there is no reason to accept any of these proposals. Jacobus in 1936 disposed of the claimed connections between William Brewster of Plymouth and Francis Brewster of New Haven and his son Nathaniel [TAG 12:199-210, 13:8-21, 113-116]. Mary Walton Ferris proposed a son Edward, for whom there is no evidence [Dawes-Gates 2:151].

BIBLIOGRAPHIC NOTE: Emma C. Brewster Jones published early in this century a serviceable genealogy of the family [The Brewster Genealogy, 1566-1907 ..., 2 volumes (New York 1908)]. Among the many versions of the family published in all-my-ancestor volumes the most complete is that of Mary Walton Ferris [Dawes-Gates 2:142-56].

The General Society of Mayflower Descendants published in its "Mayflower Families in Progress" series an accounting of the first four generations of descendants of William Brewster, prepared by Barbara Lambert Merrick, the third edition of which was published in 2000. Two additional volumes by the same compiler were published in 1999 and 2000, the first of these on the fifth-generation descendants of son Jonathan Brewster, and the second on the fifth-generation descendants of daughter Patience (Brewster) Prence.

In 1985 and 1986 Jeremy D. Bangs published a three-part article presenting and discussing all known documents naming Jonathan Brewster in Leiden [MQ 51:161-67, 52:6-16, 57-63]. Bangs examined the claim made by the Dexters that Jonathan Brewster had an earlier wife and child while residing in Leiden and determined that the records cited by the Dexters did not pertain to Jonathan Brewster.5

Citations

  1. [S2093] MayflowerHistory.com by Caleb Johnson
  2. [S2092] Mayflower Births and Deaths, Vol. 1 and 2
  3. [S1958] Information from Wikipedia.org
  4. [S1651] U.S., Find a Grave® Index, 1600s-Current
  5. [S4171] New England Historic Genealogical Society

Mary (--?--)

F, #42543, b. about 1567, d. 17 April 1627
Last Edited14 April 2023
Relationship(s)12th great-grandmother of Ted Earl Cash
ReferencesIndented Pedigree Chart
Mary (--?--) Brewster
Interactive Pedigree Chart

Family: Elder William Brewster, IV, (b. about 1566, d. 10 April 1644)

Son*Jonathan Brewster+ (b. 12 August 1593, d. 7 August 1659)
Daughter*Patience Brewster+ (b. about 1600, d. 1634)
Daughter*Fear Brewster (b. about 1606, d. before 12 December 1634)
Child*A Child Brewster (b. about 1609, d. 20 June 1609)
Son*Love Brewster (b. 1611, d. from 6 October 1650 to 31 January 1651)
Son*Wrestling Brewster (b. 1614, d. from 1627 to 1644)

Biography

Birthabout 1567Birth: Mary (--?--) was born about 1567 in Nottinghamshire, England, United KingdomB.1
Marriage1592Marriage: Elder William Brewster, IV, and Mary (--?--) were married in 1592 in Scrooby, Nottinghamshire, England, United KingdomB.2
Death17 April 1627Death: Mary (--?--) died on 17 April 1627 at age ~60 in Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts, British Colonial AmericaB.1
Name1592As of 1592, Mary (--?--) was also known as Mary Brewster.2
Emigration (fam)16 September 1620Emigration: Elder William Brewster, IV, and Mary (--?--) emigrated on 16 September 1620 from Plymouth, Devon, England, United KingdomB.3
Immigration (fam)11 November 1620Immigration: Elder William Brewster, IV, and Mary (--?--) immigrated on 11 November 1620 to Cape Cod, Barnstable, Massachusetts, British Colonial AmericaB, aboard the Mayflower.2
Memo1621Memo: Mary was one of only five adult women to survive the first winter, and one of only four women to survive to the so-called "First Thanksgiving" in 1621.1
Memo (fam)Memo: [from New England Historic Genealogical Society]

WILLIAM BREWSTER
ORIGIN: Leiden, Holland

MIGRATION: 1620 on Mayflower

FIRST RESIDENCE: Plymouth

REMOVES: Duxbury

OCCUPATION: Publisher (in Leiden). (See R. Breugelmans, ed., The Pilgrim Press, a bibliographical & historical memorial of the books printed at Leyden by the Pilgrim Fathers by Rendel Harris & Stephen R. Jones, With a chapter on the location of the Pilgrim Press in Leyden by Dr. Plooij, Partial reprint with new contributions by R. Breugelmans, J.A. Gruys & Keith Sprunger [Nieuwkoop 1987].)

CHURCH MEMBERSHIP: Morison summarized Brewster's church activities prior to 1620: "One of the original members of the separatist congregation at Scrooby which became the nucleus of the Pilgrim church, he immigrated with them to Holland in 1608, and became elder and teacher of their church at Leyden" [Morison 368]. With no minister at the Plymouth church for most of the years before Brewster's death, he was the lay leader and preached to the congregation regularly, and continued in this manner after his move to Duxbury. In the course of relating the controversy surrounding John Lyford, Bradford recounts how "our reverend Elder hath labored diligently in dispensing the Word of God to us, before he came: and since, hath taken equal pains with himself, in preaching the same" [Bradford 162]. Included in the inventory of his library were "7 sermons by W B," which may have been his notes for some of his own sermons.

FREEMAN: In 1633 Plymouth list of freemen, prior to those admitted on 1 January 1632/3 [PCR 1:3]. In list of 7 March 1636/7 [PCR 1:52]. In Plymouth section of list of 1639 (annotated "dead") [PCR 8: 173].

EDUCATION: Entered Peterhouse, Cambridge, 3 December 1580, but did not graduate [Venn 1:213; Morison 368]. Within the inventory of William Brewster separate listings were made of his Latin and English books, with nearly four hundred titles included; "the total of both Latin & English books amounts to the sum of £42 19s. 1 Id." [MD 3:27].

ESTATE: In the list of Plymouth "meersteads & garden plots of [those] which came first laid out 1620" Mr. W[illia]m Brewster is on the south side of the street, at the corner of the highway, and next to John Goodman [PCR 12:3].

In the 1623 Plymouth land division Mr. William Brewster received six acres as a passenger on the Mayflower, and "Pacience & Fear Brewster" received two acres as passengers on the Anne [PCR 12:4, 6]. In the 1627 Plymouth cattle division "Mr. Will[ia]m Brewster," Love Brewster and Wrestling Brewster were the first three names in the fifth company [PCR 12:10].

Assessed £1 7s in the Plymouth tax lists of 25 March 1633 and 27 March 1634 [PCR 1:9, 27].

Administration on the estate of William Brewster was granted on 5 June 1644 to Jonathan Brewster and Love Brewster [MD 3:15, citing PCR 2:101]. The inventory of the estate of William Brewster, taken 18 May 1644, totalled £150 7d., with no real estate included [MD 3:15-27, citing PCPR 1 :53-59].

"Whereas William Brewster late of Plymouth, gent., deceased left only two sons surviving vizt. Jonathan the eldest and Love the younger and whereas the said William died intestate for ought can to this day appear," the two sons requested William Bradford, Edward Winslow, Thomas Prence and Myles Standish to assist them in coming to an agreement, and on 20 August 1645 a division was made. Jonathan Brewster was excused the debt he had owed to his father, except £4 "in consideration of the wintering of some cattle which the said Jonathan had the summering upon the division and for the diet of Isaack Allerton a grandchild of the said Will[ia]m which he had placed with his son Love to table and because he was the first born of his father we gave him his father's arms and also a two year old heifer over and above his part of the dividables of the said estate," and Love received his father's dwelling house. The lands were divided equally, except for a dispute over the lands at Duxbury, of which sixty-eight acres went to Jonathan (along with a "dwelling house which the said Jonathan had built on the said land by leave of his said father") and forty-three acres went to Love "and the reason wherefore we gave Love the less quantity was and is because the quality of Love's land in goodness is equal to the quantity of Jonathan's as we judge" [MD 3:27-30, citing PCLR 1:198-99; PCR 12:115-17].

BIRTH: About 1566, probably at Scrooby, Nottinghamshire, son of William Brewster.

DEATH: Duxbury 10 April 1644 [MD 1:7].

MARRIAGE: By 1593 Mary____. She died at Plymouth 17 April 1627 [MD 1:7]. (See COMMENTS below for discussion of her identity.)

CHILDREN:

JONATHAN BREWSTER, b. Scrooby, Nottinghamshire, 12 August 1593 [MD 1:7]; m. Plymouth 10 April 1624 "Lucretia Oldam of Darby" [MD 1:8]; she was bp. All Saints, Derby, Derbyshire, 14 January 1600/1, and was sister of JOHN OLDHAM [PM 345].
PATIENCE BREWSTER, b. say 1603; m. Plymouth 5 August 1624 THOMAS PRENCE [PM 374], "the ninth marriage at New Plymouth" [Prince 229].
FEAR BREWSTER, b. say 1605; m. Plymouth by 1627 ISAAC ALLERTON [Bradford 218,242; PM 10].
LOVE BREWSTER, b. say 1607; m. Plymouth 15 May 1634 Sarah Collier [PCR 1:30], daughter of WILLIAM COLLIER [PM 128].
Child BREWSTER, bur. St. Pancras, Leiden, 20 June 1609 [NS] [Dexter 605].
WRESTLING BREWSTER, b. say 1611; d. unm after 1627 and by 1651 [Bradford 444; see GDMNH 109, MD 43:13, Waterhouse Anc 67].
COMMENTS: In his list of passengers on the Mayflower Bradford included "Mr. William Brewster, Mary, his wife, with two sons, whose names were Love and Wrestling" [Bradford 441]. In the accounting of 1651 we find that "Mr. Brewster lived to very old age; about 80 years he was when he died, having lived some 23 or 24 years here in the country. And though his wife died long before, yet she died aged. His son Wrestling died a young man unmarried. His son Love lived till this year 1650 and died and left four children, now living. His daughters which came over after him are dead but have left sundry children alive. His eldest son is still living and hath nine or ten children; one married who hath a child or two" [Bradford 444].

The quest for the identity of Mary, the wife of William Brewster, has attracted the attention of many genealogists, but as yet without a definitive result. For some time she had been thought to be Mary Wentworth, daughter of Thomas Wentworth of Scrooby, and in 1965 John G. Hunt presented his case in favor of this identity [TAG 41:1-5, 63], but this claim was rejected by Rubincam and others, and Hunt himself has now given up this position. He has, however, published a pamphlet claiming that she was a certain Mary Wyrrall, based on the appearance in a will of a bequest to "Mary Butho," which Hunt took be a variant of Brewster resulting from a speech defect in the person dictating the will [John G. Hunt, Of Mary Brewster: The Identity of Mary, Wife of Elder William BREWSTER of the Mayflower Voyage of 1620 from Plymouth, England, to New Plymouth, New England (Bowling Green, Virginia, 1984)]. Eugene A. Stratton reviewed this volume negatively in 1985 [Detroit Society for Genealogical Research Magazine 48:135-36], to which Hunt responded with a supplement to his pamphlet [Of Mary Brewster, part two (Bowling Green, Virginia, August 1985]. The maiden surname of Mary, wife of Elder Brewster, remains unknown. (Hunt has published other articles on various aspects of William Brewster's life, which, as with all of Hunt's work, need to be used with caution: "'Master Williamson' of the Mayflower" [NGSQ 62:88-90]; "The Mother of Elder William Brewster of the Mayflower" [NEHGR 124:250-56]; "Mary Stubbe - A Connection of Elder William Brewster?" [NEHGR 128:288-90].)

A number of other children have been proposed for William Brewster, although there is no reason to accept any of these proposals. Jacobus in 1936 disposed of the claimed connections between William Brewster of Plymouth and Francis Brewster of New Haven and his son Nathaniel [TAG 12:199-210, 13:8-21, 113-116]. Mary Walton Ferris proposed a son Edward, for whom there is no evidence [Dawes-Gates 2:151].

BIBLIOGRAPHIC NOTE: Emma C. Brewster Jones published early in this century a serviceable genealogy of the family [The Brewster Genealogy, 1566-1907 ..., 2 volumes (New York 1908)]. Among the many versions of the family published in all-my-ancestor volumes the most complete is that of Mary Walton Ferris [Dawes-Gates 2:142-56].

The General Society of Mayflower Descendants published in its "Mayflower Families in Progress" series an accounting of the first four generations of descendants of William Brewster, prepared by Barbara Lambert Merrick, the third edition of which was published in 2000. Two additional volumes by the same compiler were published in 1999 and 2000, the first of these on the fifth-generation descendants of son Jonathan Brewster, and the second on the fifth-generation descendants of daughter Patience (Brewster) Prence.

In 1985 and 1986 Jeremy D. Bangs published a three-part article presenting and discussing all known documents naming Jonathan Brewster in Leiden [MQ 51:161-67, 52:6-16, 57-63]. Bangs examined the claim made by the Dexters that Jonathan Brewster had an earlier wife and child while residing in Leiden and determined that the records cited by the Dexters did not pertain to Jonathan Brewster.4

Citations

  1. [S2093] MayflowerHistory.com by Caleb Johnson
  2. [S2092] Mayflower Births and Deaths, Vol. 1 and 2
  3. [S1958] Information from Wikipedia.org
  4. [S4171] New England Historic Genealogical Society

William Brewster, III

M, #42544, b. about 1534, d. 10 August 1590
Last Edited14 April 2023
Relationship(s)13th great-grandfather of Ted Earl Cash
ReferencesIndented Pedigree Chart
Interactive Pedigree Chart

Family: Mary Smythe (b. 1535, d. July 1590)

Son*Elder William Brewster, IV+ (b. about 1566, d. 10 April 1644)

Biography

Birthabout 1534Birth: William Brewster, III, was born about 1534 in Scrooby, Nottinghamshire, England, United KingdomB.1
Marriage25 December 1562Marriage: William Brewster, III, and Mary Smythe were married on 25 December 1562 at St Wilfred ChurchB in Scrooby, Nottinghamshire, England, United KingdomB.2,3
Death10 August 1590Death: William Brewster, III, died on 10 August 1590 at age ~56 in Scrooby, Nottinghamshire, England, United KingdomB.1

Citations

  1. [S1651] U.S., Find a Grave® Index, 1600s-Current
  2. [S2093] MayflowerHistory.com by Caleb Johnson
  3. [S1982] FamilySearch.org

Mary Smythe

F, #42545, b. 1535, d. July 1590
Last Edited14 April 2023
Relationship(s)13th great-grandmother of Ted Earl Cash
ReferencesIndented Pedigree Chart
Interactive Pedigree Chart

Family: William Brewster, III, (b. about 1534, d. 10 August 1590)

Son*Elder William Brewster, IV+ (b. about 1566, d. 10 April 1644)

Biography

Birth1535Birth: Mary Smythe was born in 1535 in Scrooby, Nottinghamshire, England, United KingdomB.1
Marriage25 December 1562Marriage: William Brewster, III, and Mary Smythe were married on 25 December 1562 at St Wilfred ChurchB in Scrooby, Nottinghamshire, England, United KingdomB.2,1
DeathJuly 1590Death: Mary Smythe died in July 1590 at age ~55 at Scrooby ManorB in Scrooby, Nottinghamshire, England, United KingdomB.1
Name25 December 1562As of 25 December 1562, Mary Smythe was also known as Mary Brewster.2

Citations

  1. [S1982] FamilySearch.org
  2. [S2093] MayflowerHistory.com by Caleb Johnson

Jonathan Brewster

M, #42546, b. 12 August 1593, d. 7 August 1659
Last Edited14 April 2023
Relationship(s)11th great-granduncle of Ted Earl Cash

Parents

Father*Elder William Brewster, IV (b. about 1566, d. 10 April 1644)
Mother*Mary (--?--) (b. about 1567, d. 17 April 1627)
Interactive Pedigree Chart

Family: Lucretia Oldham (b. about 1600, d. 4 March 1678)

Son*Benjamin Brewster+ (b. 17 November 1633, d. 14 September 1710)

Biography

Birth12 August 1593Birth: Jonathan Brewster was born on 12 August 1593 in Scrooby, Nottinghamshire, England, United KingdomB.1,2
MarriageMarriage: Jonathan Brewster and Lucretia Oldham were married in British Colonial AmericaB.3
Death7 August 1659Death: Jonathan Brewster died on 7 August 1659 at age 65 in New London, New London, Connecticut, British Colonial AmericaB.2,3
ImmigrationNovember 16214
WitnessMemo: [from New England Historic Genealogical Society]

WILLIAM BREWSTER
ORIGIN: Leiden, Holland

MIGRATION: 1620 on Mayflower

FIRST RESIDENCE: Plymouth

REMOVES: Duxbury

OCCUPATION: Publisher (in Leiden). (See R. Breugelmans, ed., The Pilgrim Press, a bibliographical & historical memorial of the books printed at Leyden by the Pilgrim Fathers by Rendel Harris & Stephen R. Jones, With a chapter on the location of the Pilgrim Press in Leyden by Dr. Plooij, Partial reprint with new contributions by R. Breugelmans, J.A. Gruys & Keith Sprunger [Nieuwkoop 1987].)

CHURCH MEMBERSHIP: Morison summarized Brewster's church activities prior to 1620: "One of the original members of the separatist congregation at Scrooby which became the nucleus of the Pilgrim church, he immigrated with them to Holland in 1608, and became elder and teacher of their church at Leyden" [Morison 368]. With no minister at the Plymouth church for most of the years before Brewster's death, he was the lay leader and preached to the congregation regularly, and continued in this manner after his move to Duxbury. In the course of relating the controversy surrounding John Lyford, Bradford recounts how "our reverend Elder hath labored diligently in dispensing the Word of God to us, before he came: and since, hath taken equal pains with himself, in preaching the same" [Bradford 162]. Included in the inventory of his library were "7 sermons by W B," which may have been his notes for some of his own sermons.

FREEMAN: In 1633 Plymouth list of freemen, prior to those admitted on 1 January 1632/3 [PCR 1:3]. In list of 7 March 1636/7 [PCR 1:52]. In Plymouth section of list of 1639 (annotated "dead") [PCR 8: 173].

EDUCATION: Entered Peterhouse, Cambridge, 3 December 1580, but did not graduate [Venn 1:213; Morison 368]. Within the inventory of William Brewster separate listings were made of his Latin and English books, with nearly four hundred titles included; "the total of both Latin & English books amounts to the sum of £42 19s. 1 Id." [MD 3:27].

ESTATE: In the list of Plymouth "meersteads & garden plots of [those] which came first laid out 1620" Mr. W[illia]m Brewster is on the south side of the street, at the corner of the highway, and next to John Goodman [PCR 12:3].

In the 1623 Plymouth land division Mr. William Brewster received six acres as a passenger on the Mayflower, and "Pacience & Fear Brewster" received two acres as passengers on the Anne [PCR 12:4, 6]. In the 1627 Plymouth cattle division "Mr. Will[ia]m Brewster," Love Brewster and Wrestling Brewster were the first three names in the fifth company [PCR 12:10].

Assessed £1 7s in the Plymouth tax lists of 25 March 1633 and 27 March 1634 [PCR 1:9, 27].

Administration on the estate of William Brewster was granted on 5 June 1644 to Jonathan Brewster and Love Brewster [MD 3:15, citing PCR 2:101]. The inventory of the estate of William Brewster, taken 18 May 1644, totalled £150 7d., with no real estate included [MD 3:15-27, citing PCPR 1 :53-59].

"Whereas William Brewster late of Plymouth, gent., deceased left only two sons surviving vizt. Jonathan the eldest and Love the younger and whereas the said William died intestate for ought can to this day appear," the two sons requested William Bradford, Edward Winslow, Thomas Prence and Myles Standish to assist them in coming to an agreement, and on 20 August 1645 a division was made. Jonathan Brewster was excused the debt he had owed to his father, except £4 "in consideration of the wintering of some cattle which the said Jonathan had the summering upon the division and for the diet of Isaack Allerton a grandchild of the said Will[ia]m which he had placed with his son Love to table and because he was the first born of his father we gave him his father's arms and also a two year old heifer over and above his part of the dividables of the said estate," and Love received his father's dwelling house. The lands were divided equally, except for a dispute over the lands at Duxbury, of which sixty-eight acres went to Jonathan (along with a "dwelling house which the said Jonathan had built on the said land by leave of his said father") and forty-three acres went to Love "and the reason wherefore we gave Love the less quantity was and is because the quality of Love's land in goodness is equal to the quantity of Jonathan's as we judge" [MD 3:27-30, citing PCLR 1:198-99; PCR 12:115-17].

BIRTH: About 1566, probably at Scrooby, Nottinghamshire, son of William Brewster.

DEATH: Duxbury 10 April 1644 [MD 1:7].

MARRIAGE: By 1593 Mary____. She died at Plymouth 17 April 1627 [MD 1:7]. (See COMMENTS below for discussion of her identity.)

CHILDREN:

JONATHAN BREWSTER, b. Scrooby, Nottinghamshire, 12 August 1593 [MD 1:7]; m. Plymouth 10 April 1624 "Lucretia Oldam of Darby" [MD 1:8]; she was bp. All Saints, Derby, Derbyshire, 14 January 1600/1, and was sister of JOHN OLDHAM [PM 345].
PATIENCE BREWSTER, b. say 1603; m. Plymouth 5 August 1624 THOMAS PRENCE [PM 374], "the ninth marriage at New Plymouth" [Prince 229].
FEAR BREWSTER, b. say 1605; m. Plymouth by 1627 ISAAC ALLERTON [Bradford 218,242; PM 10].
LOVE BREWSTER, b. say 1607; m. Plymouth 15 May 1634 Sarah Collier [PCR 1:30], daughter of WILLIAM COLLIER [PM 128].
Child BREWSTER, bur. St. Pancras, Leiden, 20 June 1609 [NS] [Dexter 605].
WRESTLING BREWSTER, b. say 1611; d. unm after 1627 and by 1651 [Bradford 444; see GDMNH 109, MD 43:13, Waterhouse Anc 67].
COMMENTS: In his list of passengers on the Mayflower Bradford included "Mr. William Brewster, Mary, his wife, with two sons, whose names were Love and Wrestling" [Bradford 441]. In the accounting of 1651 we find that "Mr. Brewster lived to very old age; about 80 years he was when he died, having lived some 23 or 24 years here in the country. And though his wife died long before, yet she died aged. His son Wrestling died a young man unmarried. His son Love lived till this year 1650 and died and left four children, now living. His daughters which came over after him are dead but have left sundry children alive. His eldest son is still living and hath nine or ten children; one married who hath a child or two" [Bradford 444].

The quest for the identity of Mary, the wife of William Brewster, has attracted the attention of many genealogists, but as yet without a definitive result. For some time she had been thought to be Mary Wentworth, daughter of Thomas Wentworth of Scrooby, and in 1965 John G. Hunt presented his case in favor of this identity [TAG 41:1-5, 63], but this claim was rejected by Rubincam and others, and Hunt himself has now given up this position. He has, however, published a pamphlet claiming that she was a certain Mary Wyrrall, based on the appearance in a will of a bequest to "Mary Butho," which Hunt took be a variant of Brewster resulting from a speech defect in the person dictating the will [John G. Hunt, Of Mary Brewster: The Identity of Mary, Wife of Elder William BREWSTER of the Mayflower Voyage of 1620 from Plymouth, England, to New Plymouth, New England (Bowling Green, Virginia, 1984)]. Eugene A. Stratton reviewed this volume negatively in 1985 [Detroit Society for Genealogical Research Magazine 48:135-36], to which Hunt responded with a supplement to his pamphlet [Of Mary Brewster, part two (Bowling Green, Virginia, August 1985]. The maiden surname of Mary, wife of Elder Brewster, remains unknown. (Hunt has published other articles on various aspects of William Brewster's life, which, as with all of Hunt's work, need to be used with caution: "'Master Williamson' of the Mayflower" [NGSQ 62:88-90]; "The Mother of Elder William Brewster of the Mayflower" [NEHGR 124:250-56]; "Mary Stubbe - A Connection of Elder William Brewster?" [NEHGR 128:288-90].)

A number of other children have been proposed for William Brewster, although there is no reason to accept any of these proposals. Jacobus in 1936 disposed of the claimed connections between William Brewster of Plymouth and Francis Brewster of New Haven and his son Nathaniel [TAG 12:199-210, 13:8-21, 113-116]. Mary Walton Ferris proposed a son Edward, for whom there is no evidence [Dawes-Gates 2:151].

BIBLIOGRAPHIC NOTE: Emma C. Brewster Jones published early in this century a serviceable genealogy of the family [The Brewster Genealogy, 1566-1907 ..., 2 volumes (New York 1908)]. Among the many versions of the family published in all-my-ancestor volumes the most complete is that of Mary Walton Ferris [Dawes-Gates 2:142-56].

The General Society of Mayflower Descendants published in its "Mayflower Families in Progress" series an accounting of the first four generations of descendants of William Brewster, prepared by Barbara Lambert Merrick, the third edition of which was published in 2000. Two additional volumes by the same compiler were published in 1999 and 2000, the first of these on the fifth-generation descendants of son Jonathan Brewster, and the second on the fifth-generation descendants of daughter Patience (Brewster) Prence.

In 1985 and 1986 Jeremy D. Bangs published a three-part article presenting and discussing all known documents naming Jonathan Brewster in Leiden [MQ 51:161-67, 52:6-16, 57-63]. Bangs examined the claim made by the Dexters that Jonathan Brewster had an earlier wife and child while residing in Leiden and determined that the records cited by the Dexters did not pertain to Jonathan Brewster.5

Citations

  1. [S2093] MayflowerHistory.com by Caleb Johnson
  2. [S2092] Mayflower Births and Deaths, Vol. 1 and 2
  3. [S2112] Information from Mayflower Database, http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~steadman/wgasurs.html
  4. [S1651] U.S., Find a Grave® Index, 1600s-Current
  5. [S4171] New England Historic Genealogical Society

Fear Brewster

F, #42547, b. about 1606, d. before 12 December 1634
Last Edited14 April 2023
Relationship(s)11th great-grandaunt of Ted Earl Cash

Parents

Father*Elder William Brewster, IV (b. about 1566, d. 10 April 1644)
Mother*Mary (--?--) (b. about 1567, d. 17 April 1627)
Interactive Pedigree Chart

Biography

Birthabout 1606Birth: Fear Brewster was born about 1606 in Scrooby, Nottinghamshire, England, United KingdomB.1
Deathbefore 12 December 1634Death: Fear Brewster died before 12 December 1634 in Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts, British Colonial AmericaB.2
ImmigrationJuly 16231
WitnessMemo: [from New England Historic Genealogical Society]

WILLIAM BREWSTER
ORIGIN: Leiden, Holland

MIGRATION: 1620 on Mayflower

FIRST RESIDENCE: Plymouth

REMOVES: Duxbury

OCCUPATION: Publisher (in Leiden). (See R. Breugelmans, ed., The Pilgrim Press, a bibliographical & historical memorial of the books printed at Leyden by the Pilgrim Fathers by Rendel Harris & Stephen R. Jones, With a chapter on the location of the Pilgrim Press in Leyden by Dr. Plooij, Partial reprint with new contributions by R. Breugelmans, J.A. Gruys & Keith Sprunger [Nieuwkoop 1987].)

CHURCH MEMBERSHIP: Morison summarized Brewster's church activities prior to 1620: "One of the original members of the separatist congregation at Scrooby which became the nucleus of the Pilgrim church, he immigrated with them to Holland in 1608, and became elder and teacher of their church at Leyden" [Morison 368]. With no minister at the Plymouth church for most of the years before Brewster's death, he was the lay leader and preached to the congregation regularly, and continued in this manner after his move to Duxbury. In the course of relating the controversy surrounding John Lyford, Bradford recounts how "our reverend Elder hath labored diligently in dispensing the Word of God to us, before he came: and since, hath taken equal pains with himself, in preaching the same" [Bradford 162]. Included in the inventory of his library were "7 sermons by W B," which may have been his notes for some of his own sermons.

FREEMAN: In 1633 Plymouth list of freemen, prior to those admitted on 1 January 1632/3 [PCR 1:3]. In list of 7 March 1636/7 [PCR 1:52]. In Plymouth section of list of 1639 (annotated "dead") [PCR 8: 173].

EDUCATION: Entered Peterhouse, Cambridge, 3 December 1580, but did not graduate [Venn 1:213; Morison 368]. Within the inventory of William Brewster separate listings were made of his Latin and English books, with nearly four hundred titles included; "the total of both Latin & English books amounts to the sum of £42 19s. 1 Id." [MD 3:27].

ESTATE: In the list of Plymouth "meersteads & garden plots of [those] which came first laid out 1620" Mr. W[illia]m Brewster is on the south side of the street, at the corner of the highway, and next to John Goodman [PCR 12:3].

In the 1623 Plymouth land division Mr. William Brewster received six acres as a passenger on the Mayflower, and "Pacience & Fear Brewster" received two acres as passengers on the Anne [PCR 12:4, 6]. In the 1627 Plymouth cattle division "Mr. Will[ia]m Brewster," Love Brewster and Wrestling Brewster were the first three names in the fifth company [PCR 12:10].

Assessed £1 7s in the Plymouth tax lists of 25 March 1633 and 27 March 1634 [PCR 1:9, 27].

Administration on the estate of William Brewster was granted on 5 June 1644 to Jonathan Brewster and Love Brewster [MD 3:15, citing PCR 2:101]. The inventory of the estate of William Brewster, taken 18 May 1644, totalled £150 7d., with no real estate included [MD 3:15-27, citing PCPR 1 :53-59].

"Whereas William Brewster late of Plymouth, gent., deceased left only two sons surviving vizt. Jonathan the eldest and Love the younger and whereas the said William died intestate for ought can to this day appear," the two sons requested William Bradford, Edward Winslow, Thomas Prence and Myles Standish to assist them in coming to an agreement, and on 20 August 1645 a division was made. Jonathan Brewster was excused the debt he had owed to his father, except £4 "in consideration of the wintering of some cattle which the said Jonathan had the summering upon the division and for the diet of Isaack Allerton a grandchild of the said Will[ia]m which he had placed with his son Love to table and because he was the first born of his father we gave him his father's arms and also a two year old heifer over and above his part of the dividables of the said estate," and Love received his father's dwelling house. The lands were divided equally, except for a dispute over the lands at Duxbury, of which sixty-eight acres went to Jonathan (along with a "dwelling house which the said Jonathan had built on the said land by leave of his said father") and forty-three acres went to Love "and the reason wherefore we gave Love the less quantity was and is because the quality of Love's land in goodness is equal to the quantity of Jonathan's as we judge" [MD 3:27-30, citing PCLR 1:198-99; PCR 12:115-17].

BIRTH: About 1566, probably at Scrooby, Nottinghamshire, son of William Brewster.

DEATH: Duxbury 10 April 1644 [MD 1:7].

MARRIAGE: By 1593 Mary____. She died at Plymouth 17 April 1627 [MD 1:7]. (See COMMENTS below for discussion of her identity.)

CHILDREN:

JONATHAN BREWSTER, b. Scrooby, Nottinghamshire, 12 August 1593 [MD 1:7]; m. Plymouth 10 April 1624 "Lucretia Oldam of Darby" [MD 1:8]; she was bp. All Saints, Derby, Derbyshire, 14 January 1600/1, and was sister of JOHN OLDHAM [PM 345].
PATIENCE BREWSTER, b. say 1603; m. Plymouth 5 August 1624 THOMAS PRENCE [PM 374], "the ninth marriage at New Plymouth" [Prince 229].
FEAR BREWSTER, b. say 1605; m. Plymouth by 1627 ISAAC ALLERTON [Bradford 218,242; PM 10].
LOVE BREWSTER, b. say 1607; m. Plymouth 15 May 1634 Sarah Collier [PCR 1:30], daughter of WILLIAM COLLIER [PM 128].
Child BREWSTER, bur. St. Pancras, Leiden, 20 June 1609 [NS] [Dexter 605].
WRESTLING BREWSTER, b. say 1611; d. unm after 1627 and by 1651 [Bradford 444; see GDMNH 109, MD 43:13, Waterhouse Anc 67].
COMMENTS: In his list of passengers on the Mayflower Bradford included "Mr. William Brewster, Mary, his wife, with two sons, whose names were Love and Wrestling" [Bradford 441]. In the accounting of 1651 we find that "Mr. Brewster lived to very old age; about 80 years he was when he died, having lived some 23 or 24 years here in the country. And though his wife died long before, yet she died aged. His son Wrestling died a young man unmarried. His son Love lived till this year 1650 and died and left four children, now living. His daughters which came over after him are dead but have left sundry children alive. His eldest son is still living and hath nine or ten children; one married who hath a child or two" [Bradford 444].

The quest for the identity of Mary, the wife of William Brewster, has attracted the attention of many genealogists, but as yet without a definitive result. For some time she had been thought to be Mary Wentworth, daughter of Thomas Wentworth of Scrooby, and in 1965 John G. Hunt presented his case in favor of this identity [TAG 41:1-5, 63], but this claim was rejected by Rubincam and others, and Hunt himself has now given up this position. He has, however, published a pamphlet claiming that she was a certain Mary Wyrrall, based on the appearance in a will of a bequest to "Mary Butho," which Hunt took be a variant of Brewster resulting from a speech defect in the person dictating the will [John G. Hunt, Of Mary Brewster: The Identity of Mary, Wife of Elder William BREWSTER of the Mayflower Voyage of 1620 from Plymouth, England, to New Plymouth, New England (Bowling Green, Virginia, 1984)]. Eugene A. Stratton reviewed this volume negatively in 1985 [Detroit Society for Genealogical Research Magazine 48:135-36], to which Hunt responded with a supplement to his pamphlet [Of Mary Brewster, part two (Bowling Green, Virginia, August 1985]. The maiden surname of Mary, wife of Elder Brewster, remains unknown. (Hunt has published other articles on various aspects of William Brewster's life, which, as with all of Hunt's work, need to be used with caution: "'Master Williamson' of the Mayflower" [NGSQ 62:88-90]; "The Mother of Elder William Brewster of the Mayflower" [NEHGR 124:250-56]; "Mary Stubbe - A Connection of Elder William Brewster?" [NEHGR 128:288-90].)

A number of other children have been proposed for William Brewster, although there is no reason to accept any of these proposals. Jacobus in 1936 disposed of the claimed connections between William Brewster of Plymouth and Francis Brewster of New Haven and his son Nathaniel [TAG 12:199-210, 13:8-21, 113-116]. Mary Walton Ferris proposed a son Edward, for whom there is no evidence [Dawes-Gates 2:151].

BIBLIOGRAPHIC NOTE: Emma C. Brewster Jones published early in this century a serviceable genealogy of the family [The Brewster Genealogy, 1566-1907 ..., 2 volumes (New York 1908)]. Among the many versions of the family published in all-my-ancestor volumes the most complete is that of Mary Walton Ferris [Dawes-Gates 2:142-56].

The General Society of Mayflower Descendants published in its "Mayflower Families in Progress" series an accounting of the first four generations of descendants of William Brewster, prepared by Barbara Lambert Merrick, the third edition of which was published in 2000. Two additional volumes by the same compiler were published in 1999 and 2000, the first of these on the fifth-generation descendants of son Jonathan Brewster, and the second on the fifth-generation descendants of daughter Patience (Brewster) Prence.

In 1985 and 1986 Jeremy D. Bangs published a three-part article presenting and discussing all known documents naming Jonathan Brewster in Leiden [MQ 51:161-67, 52:6-16, 57-63]. Bangs examined the claim made by the Dexters that Jonathan Brewster had an earlier wife and child while residing in Leiden and determined that the records cited by the Dexters did not pertain to Jonathan Brewster.3

Citations

  1. [S2093] MayflowerHistory.com by Caleb Johnson
  2. [S1982] FamilySearch.org
  3. [S4171] New England Historic Genealogical Society

A Child Brewster

U, #42548, b. about 1609, d. 20 June 1609
Last Edited18 April 2023
Relationship(s)11th great-grand aunt/uncle of Ted Earl Cash

Parents

Father*Elder William Brewster, IV (b. about 1566, d. 10 April 1644)
Mother*Mary (--?--) (b. about 1567, d. 17 April 1627)
Interactive Pedigree Chart

Biography

Birthabout 1609Birth: A Child Brewster was born about 1609 in Leiden, South Holland, NetherlandsB.1
Death20 June 1609Death: A Child Brewster died on 20 June 1609 at age ~0 in Leiden, South Holland, NetherlandsB.2,1
WitnessMemo: [from New England Historic Genealogical Society]

WILLIAM BREWSTER
ORIGIN: Leiden, Holland

MIGRATION: 1620 on Mayflower

FIRST RESIDENCE: Plymouth

REMOVES: Duxbury

OCCUPATION: Publisher (in Leiden). (See R. Breugelmans, ed., The Pilgrim Press, a bibliographical & historical memorial of the books printed at Leyden by the Pilgrim Fathers by Rendel Harris & Stephen R. Jones, With a chapter on the location of the Pilgrim Press in Leyden by Dr. Plooij, Partial reprint with new contributions by R. Breugelmans, J.A. Gruys & Keith Sprunger [Nieuwkoop 1987].)

CHURCH MEMBERSHIP: Morison summarized Brewster's church activities prior to 1620: "One of the original members of the separatist congregation at Scrooby which became the nucleus of the Pilgrim church, he immigrated with them to Holland in 1608, and became elder and teacher of their church at Leyden" [Morison 368]. With no minister at the Plymouth church for most of the years before Brewster's death, he was the lay leader and preached to the congregation regularly, and continued in this manner after his move to Duxbury. In the course of relating the controversy surrounding John Lyford, Bradford recounts how "our reverend Elder hath labored diligently in dispensing the Word of God to us, before he came: and since, hath taken equal pains with himself, in preaching the same" [Bradford 162]. Included in the inventory of his library were "7 sermons by W B," which may have been his notes for some of his own sermons.

FREEMAN: In 1633 Plymouth list of freemen, prior to those admitted on 1 January 1632/3 [PCR 1:3]. In list of 7 March 1636/7 [PCR 1:52]. In Plymouth section of list of 1639 (annotated "dead") [PCR 8: 173].

EDUCATION: Entered Peterhouse, Cambridge, 3 December 1580, but did not graduate [Venn 1:213; Morison 368]. Within the inventory of William Brewster separate listings were made of his Latin and English books, with nearly four hundred titles included; "the total of both Latin & English books amounts to the sum of £42 19s. 1 Id." [MD 3:27].

ESTATE: In the list of Plymouth "meersteads & garden plots of [those] which came first laid out 1620" Mr. W[illia]m Brewster is on the south side of the street, at the corner of the highway, and next to John Goodman [PCR 12:3].

In the 1623 Plymouth land division Mr. William Brewster received six acres as a passenger on the Mayflower, and "Pacience & Fear Brewster" received two acres as passengers on the Anne [PCR 12:4, 6]. In the 1627 Plymouth cattle division "Mr. Will[ia]m Brewster," Love Brewster and Wrestling Brewster were the first three names in the fifth company [PCR 12:10].

Assessed £1 7s in the Plymouth tax lists of 25 March 1633 and 27 March 1634 [PCR 1:9, 27].

Administration on the estate of William Brewster was granted on 5 June 1644 to Jonathan Brewster and Love Brewster [MD 3:15, citing PCR 2:101]. The inventory of the estate of William Brewster, taken 18 May 1644, totalled £150 7d., with no real estate included [MD 3:15-27, citing PCPR 1 :53-59].

"Whereas William Brewster late of Plymouth, gent., deceased left only two sons surviving vizt. Jonathan the eldest and Love the younger and whereas the said William died intestate for ought can to this day appear," the two sons requested William Bradford, Edward Winslow, Thomas Prence and Myles Standish to assist them in coming to an agreement, and on 20 August 1645 a division was made. Jonathan Brewster was excused the debt he had owed to his father, except £4 "in consideration of the wintering of some cattle which the said Jonathan had the summering upon the division and for the diet of Isaack Allerton a grandchild of the said Will[ia]m which he had placed with his son Love to table and because he was the first born of his father we gave him his father's arms and also a two year old heifer over and above his part of the dividables of the said estate," and Love received his father's dwelling house. The lands were divided equally, except for a dispute over the lands at Duxbury, of which sixty-eight acres went to Jonathan (along with a "dwelling house which the said Jonathan had built on the said land by leave of his said father") and forty-three acres went to Love "and the reason wherefore we gave Love the less quantity was and is because the quality of Love's land in goodness is equal to the quantity of Jonathan's as we judge" [MD 3:27-30, citing PCLR 1:198-99; PCR 12:115-17].

BIRTH: About 1566, probably at Scrooby, Nottinghamshire, son of William Brewster.

DEATH: Duxbury 10 April 1644 [MD 1:7].

MARRIAGE: By 1593 Mary____. She died at Plymouth 17 April 1627 [MD 1:7]. (See COMMENTS below for discussion of her identity.)

CHILDREN:

JONATHAN BREWSTER, b. Scrooby, Nottinghamshire, 12 August 1593 [MD 1:7]; m. Plymouth 10 April 1624 "Lucretia Oldam of Darby" [MD 1:8]; she was bp. All Saints, Derby, Derbyshire, 14 January 1600/1, and was sister of JOHN OLDHAM [PM 345].
PATIENCE BREWSTER, b. say 1603; m. Plymouth 5 August 1624 THOMAS PRENCE [PM 374], "the ninth marriage at New Plymouth" [Prince 229].
FEAR BREWSTER, b. say 1605; m. Plymouth by 1627 ISAAC ALLERTON [Bradford 218,242; PM 10].
LOVE BREWSTER, b. say 1607; m. Plymouth 15 May 1634 Sarah Collier [PCR 1:30], daughter of WILLIAM COLLIER [PM 128].
Child BREWSTER, bur. St. Pancras, Leiden, 20 June 1609 [NS] [Dexter 605].
WRESTLING BREWSTER, b. say 1611; d. unm after 1627 and by 1651 [Bradford 444; see GDMNH 109, MD 43:13, Waterhouse Anc 67].
COMMENTS: In his list of passengers on the Mayflower Bradford included "Mr. William Brewster, Mary, his wife, with two sons, whose names were Love and Wrestling" [Bradford 441]. In the accounting of 1651 we find that "Mr. Brewster lived to very old age; about 80 years he was when he died, having lived some 23 or 24 years here in the country. And though his wife died long before, yet she died aged. His son Wrestling died a young man unmarried. His son Love lived till this year 1650 and died and left four children, now living. His daughters which came over after him are dead but have left sundry children alive. His eldest son is still living and hath nine or ten children; one married who hath a child or two" [Bradford 444].

The quest for the identity of Mary, the wife of William Brewster, has attracted the attention of many genealogists, but as yet without a definitive result. For some time she had been thought to be Mary Wentworth, daughter of Thomas Wentworth of Scrooby, and in 1965 John G. Hunt presented his case in favor of this identity [TAG 41:1-5, 63], but this claim was rejected by Rubincam and others, and Hunt himself has now given up this position. He has, however, published a pamphlet claiming that she was a certain Mary Wyrrall, based on the appearance in a will of a bequest to "Mary Butho," which Hunt took be a variant of Brewster resulting from a speech defect in the person dictating the will [John G. Hunt, Of Mary Brewster: The Identity of Mary, Wife of Elder William BREWSTER of the Mayflower Voyage of 1620 from Plymouth, England, to New Plymouth, New England (Bowling Green, Virginia, 1984)]. Eugene A. Stratton reviewed this volume negatively in 1985 [Detroit Society for Genealogical Research Magazine 48:135-36], to which Hunt responded with a supplement to his pamphlet [Of Mary Brewster, part two (Bowling Green, Virginia, August 1985]. The maiden surname of Mary, wife of Elder Brewster, remains unknown. (Hunt has published other articles on various aspects of William Brewster's life, which, as with all of Hunt's work, need to be used with caution: "'Master Williamson' of the Mayflower" [NGSQ 62:88-90]; "The Mother of Elder William Brewster of the Mayflower" [NEHGR 124:250-56]; "Mary Stubbe - A Connection of Elder William Brewster?" [NEHGR 128:288-90].)

A number of other children have been proposed for William Brewster, although there is no reason to accept any of these proposals. Jacobus in 1936 disposed of the claimed connections between William Brewster of Plymouth and Francis Brewster of New Haven and his son Nathaniel [TAG 12:199-210, 13:8-21, 113-116]. Mary Walton Ferris proposed a son Edward, for whom there is no evidence [Dawes-Gates 2:151].

BIBLIOGRAPHIC NOTE: Emma C. Brewster Jones published early in this century a serviceable genealogy of the family [The Brewster Genealogy, 1566-1907 ..., 2 volumes (New York 1908)]. Among the many versions of the family published in all-my-ancestor volumes the most complete is that of Mary Walton Ferris [Dawes-Gates 2:142-56].

The General Society of Mayflower Descendants published in its "Mayflower Families in Progress" series an accounting of the first four generations of descendants of William Brewster, prepared by Barbara Lambert Merrick, the third edition of which was published in 2000. Two additional volumes by the same compiler were published in 1999 and 2000, the first of these on the fifth-generation descendants of son Jonathan Brewster, and the second on the fifth-generation descendants of daughter Patience (Brewster) Prence.

In 1985 and 1986 Jeremy D. Bangs published a three-part article presenting and discussing all known documents naming Jonathan Brewster in Leiden [MQ 51:161-67, 52:6-16, 57-63]. Bangs examined the claim made by the Dexters that Jonathan Brewster had an earlier wife and child while residing in Leiden and determined that the records cited by the Dexters did not pertain to Jonathan Brewster.3

Citations

  1. [S2094] Brewster Genealogy, 1566-1907
  2. [S2093] MayflowerHistory.com by Caleb Johnson
  3. [S4171] New England Historic Genealogical Society

Love Brewster

M, #42549, b. 1611, d. from 6 October 1650 to 31 January 1651
Last Edited18 April 2023
Relationship(s)11th great-granduncle of Ted Earl Cash

Parents

Father*Elder William Brewster, IV (b. about 1566, d. 10 April 1644)
Mother*Mary (--?--) (b. about 1567, d. 17 April 1627)
Love Brewster
Interactive Pedigree Chart

Family: Sarah Collier (b. 30 April 1616, d. 26 April 1691)

Biography

Birth1611Birth: Love Brewster was born in 1611 in Leiden, South Holland, NetherlandsB.1
Marriage15 May 1634Marriage: Love Brewster and Sarah Collier were married on 15 May 1634 in Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts, British Colonial AmericaB.1
Deathfrom 6 October 1650 to 31 January 1651Death: Love Brewster died from 6 October 1650 to 31 January 1651 in Duxbury, Plymouth, Massachusetts, British Colonial AmericaB.1
Witness16 September 1620Love Brewster emigrated with Elder William Brewster, IV, and Mary (--?--) on 16 September 1620 in Plymouth, Devon, England, United KingdomB.2
Witness11 November 1620Immigration: Love Brewster immigrated on 11 November 1620 to Cape Cod, Barnstable, Massachusetts, British Colonial AmericaB, with Elder William Brewster, IV, and Mary (--?--) aboard the Mayflower.3
WitnessMemo: [from New England Historic Genealogical Society]

WILLIAM BREWSTER
ORIGIN: Leiden, Holland

MIGRATION: 1620 on Mayflower

FIRST RESIDENCE: Plymouth

REMOVES: Duxbury

OCCUPATION: Publisher (in Leiden). (See R. Breugelmans, ed., The Pilgrim Press, a bibliographical & historical memorial of the books printed at Leyden by the Pilgrim Fathers by Rendel Harris & Stephen R. Jones, With a chapter on the location of the Pilgrim Press in Leyden by Dr. Plooij, Partial reprint with new contributions by R. Breugelmans, J.A. Gruys & Keith Sprunger [Nieuwkoop 1987].)

CHURCH MEMBERSHIP: Morison summarized Brewster's church activities prior to 1620: "One of the original members of the separatist congregation at Scrooby which became the nucleus of the Pilgrim church, he immigrated with them to Holland in 1608, and became elder and teacher of their church at Leyden" [Morison 368]. With no minister at the Plymouth church for most of the years before Brewster's death, he was the lay leader and preached to the congregation regularly, and continued in this manner after his move to Duxbury. In the course of relating the controversy surrounding John Lyford, Bradford recounts how "our reverend Elder hath labored diligently in dispensing the Word of God to us, before he came: and since, hath taken equal pains with himself, in preaching the same" [Bradford 162]. Included in the inventory of his library were "7 sermons by W B," which may have been his notes for some of his own sermons.

FREEMAN: In 1633 Plymouth list of freemen, prior to those admitted on 1 January 1632/3 [PCR 1:3]. In list of 7 March 1636/7 [PCR 1:52]. In Plymouth section of list of 1639 (annotated "dead") [PCR 8: 173].

EDUCATION: Entered Peterhouse, Cambridge, 3 December 1580, but did not graduate [Venn 1:213; Morison 368]. Within the inventory of William Brewster separate listings were made of his Latin and English books, with nearly four hundred titles included; "the total of both Latin & English books amounts to the sum of £42 19s. 1 Id." [MD 3:27].

ESTATE: In the list of Plymouth "meersteads & garden plots of [those] which came first laid out 1620" Mr. W[illia]m Brewster is on the south side of the street, at the corner of the highway, and next to John Goodman [PCR 12:3].

In the 1623 Plymouth land division Mr. William Brewster received six acres as a passenger on the Mayflower, and "Pacience & Fear Brewster" received two acres as passengers on the Anne [PCR 12:4, 6]. In the 1627 Plymouth cattle division "Mr. Will[ia]m Brewster," Love Brewster and Wrestling Brewster were the first three names in the fifth company [PCR 12:10].

Assessed £1 7s in the Plymouth tax lists of 25 March 1633 and 27 March 1634 [PCR 1:9, 27].

Administration on the estate of William Brewster was granted on 5 June 1644 to Jonathan Brewster and Love Brewster [MD 3:15, citing PCR 2:101]. The inventory of the estate of William Brewster, taken 18 May 1644, totalled £150 7d., with no real estate included [MD 3:15-27, citing PCPR 1 :53-59].

"Whereas William Brewster late of Plymouth, gent., deceased left only two sons surviving vizt. Jonathan the eldest and Love the younger and whereas the said William died intestate for ought can to this day appear," the two sons requested William Bradford, Edward Winslow, Thomas Prence and Myles Standish to assist them in coming to an agreement, and on 20 August 1645 a division was made. Jonathan Brewster was excused the debt he had owed to his father, except £4 "in consideration of the wintering of some cattle which the said Jonathan had the summering upon the division and for the diet of Isaack Allerton a grandchild of the said Will[ia]m which he had placed with his son Love to table and because he was the first born of his father we gave him his father's arms and also a two year old heifer over and above his part of the dividables of the said estate," and Love received his father's dwelling house. The lands were divided equally, except for a dispute over the lands at Duxbury, of which sixty-eight acres went to Jonathan (along with a "dwelling house which the said Jonathan had built on the said land by leave of his said father") and forty-three acres went to Love "and the reason wherefore we gave Love the less quantity was and is because the quality of Love's land in goodness is equal to the quantity of Jonathan's as we judge" [MD 3:27-30, citing PCLR 1:198-99; PCR 12:115-17].

BIRTH: About 1566, probably at Scrooby, Nottinghamshire, son of William Brewster.

DEATH: Duxbury 10 April 1644 [MD 1:7].

MARRIAGE: By 1593 Mary____. She died at Plymouth 17 April 1627 [MD 1:7]. (See COMMENTS below for discussion of her identity.)

CHILDREN:

JONATHAN BREWSTER, b. Scrooby, Nottinghamshire, 12 August 1593 [MD 1:7]; m. Plymouth 10 April 1624 "Lucretia Oldam of Darby" [MD 1:8]; she was bp. All Saints, Derby, Derbyshire, 14 January 1600/1, and was sister of JOHN OLDHAM [PM 345].
PATIENCE BREWSTER, b. say 1603; m. Plymouth 5 August 1624 THOMAS PRENCE [PM 374], "the ninth marriage at New Plymouth" [Prince 229].
FEAR BREWSTER, b. say 1605; m. Plymouth by 1627 ISAAC ALLERTON [Bradford 218,242; PM 10].
LOVE BREWSTER, b. say 1607; m. Plymouth 15 May 1634 Sarah Collier [PCR 1:30], daughter of WILLIAM COLLIER [PM 128].
Child BREWSTER, bur. St. Pancras, Leiden, 20 June 1609 [NS] [Dexter 605].
WRESTLING BREWSTER, b. say 1611; d. unm after 1627 and by 1651 [Bradford 444; see GDMNH 109, MD 43:13, Waterhouse Anc 67].
COMMENTS: In his list of passengers on the Mayflower Bradford included "Mr. William Brewster, Mary, his wife, with two sons, whose names were Love and Wrestling" [Bradford 441]. In the accounting of 1651 we find that "Mr. Brewster lived to very old age; about 80 years he was when he died, having lived some 23 or 24 years here in the country. And though his wife died long before, yet she died aged. His son Wrestling died a young man unmarried. His son Love lived till this year 1650 and died and left four children, now living. His daughters which came over after him are dead but have left sundry children alive. His eldest son is still living and hath nine or ten children; one married who hath a child or two" [Bradford 444].

The quest for the identity of Mary, the wife of William Brewster, has attracted the attention of many genealogists, but as yet without a definitive result. For some time she had been thought to be Mary Wentworth, daughter of Thomas Wentworth of Scrooby, and in 1965 John G. Hunt presented his case in favor of this identity [TAG 41:1-5, 63], but this claim was rejected by Rubincam and others, and Hunt himself has now given up this position. He has, however, published a pamphlet claiming that she was a certain Mary Wyrrall, based on the appearance in a will of a bequest to "Mary Butho," which Hunt took be a variant of Brewster resulting from a speech defect in the person dictating the will [John G. Hunt, Of Mary Brewster: The Identity of Mary, Wife of Elder William BREWSTER of the Mayflower Voyage of 1620 from Plymouth, England, to New Plymouth, New England (Bowling Green, Virginia, 1984)]. Eugene A. Stratton reviewed this volume negatively in 1985 [Detroit Society for Genealogical Research Magazine 48:135-36], to which Hunt responded with a supplement to his pamphlet [Of Mary Brewster, part two (Bowling Green, Virginia, August 1985]. The maiden surname of Mary, wife of Elder Brewster, remains unknown. (Hunt has published other articles on various aspects of William Brewster's life, which, as with all of Hunt's work, need to be used with caution: "'Master Williamson' of the Mayflower" [NGSQ 62:88-90]; "The Mother of Elder William Brewster of the Mayflower" [NEHGR 124:250-56]; "Mary Stubbe - A Connection of Elder William Brewster?" [NEHGR 128:288-90].)

A number of other children have been proposed for William Brewster, although there is no reason to accept any of these proposals. Jacobus in 1936 disposed of the claimed connections between William Brewster of Plymouth and Francis Brewster of New Haven and his son Nathaniel [TAG 12:199-210, 13:8-21, 113-116]. Mary Walton Ferris proposed a son Edward, for whom there is no evidence [Dawes-Gates 2:151].

BIBLIOGRAPHIC NOTE: Emma C. Brewster Jones published early in this century a serviceable genealogy of the family [The Brewster Genealogy, 1566-1907 ..., 2 volumes (New York 1908)]. Among the many versions of the family published in all-my-ancestor volumes the most complete is that of Mary Walton Ferris [Dawes-Gates 2:142-56].

The General Society of Mayflower Descendants published in its "Mayflower Families in Progress" series an accounting of the first four generations of descendants of William Brewster, prepared by Barbara Lambert Merrick, the third edition of which was published in 2000. Two additional volumes by the same compiler were published in 1999 and 2000, the first of these on the fifth-generation descendants of son Jonathan Brewster, and the second on the fifth-generation descendants of daughter Patience (Brewster) Prence.

In 1985 and 1986 Jeremy D. Bangs published a three-part article presenting and discussing all known documents naming Jonathan Brewster in Leiden [MQ 51:161-67, 52:6-16, 57-63]. Bangs examined the claim made by the Dexters that Jonathan Brewster had an earlier wife and child while residing in Leiden and determined that the records cited by the Dexters did not pertain to Jonathan Brewster.4

Citations

  1. [S2093] MayflowerHistory.com by Caleb Johnson
  2. [S1958] Information from Wikipedia.org
  3. [S2092] Mayflower Births and Deaths, Vol. 1 and 2
  4. [S4171] New England Historic Genealogical Society

Wrestling Brewster

M, #42550, b. 1614, d. from 1627 to 1644
Last Edited14 April 2023
Relationship(s)11th great-granduncle of Ted Earl Cash

Parents

Father*Elder William Brewster, IV (b. about 1566, d. 10 April 1644)
Mother*Mary (--?--) (b. about 1567, d. 17 April 1627)
Wrestling Brewster
Interactive Pedigree Chart

Biography

Birth1614Birth: Wrestling Brewster was born in 1614 in Leiden, South Holland, NetherlandsB.1,1
Deathfrom 1627 to 1644Death: Wrestling Brewster died from 1627 to 1644.1
Witness16 September 1620Wrestling Brewster emigrated with Elder William Brewster, IV, and Mary (--?--) on 16 September 1620 in Plymouth, Devon, England, United KingdomB.2
Witness11 November 1620Immigration: Wrestling Brewster immigrated on 11 November 1620 to Cape Cod, Barnstable, Massachusetts, British Colonial AmericaB, with Elder William Brewster, IV, and Mary (--?--) aboard the Mayflower.3
WitnessMemo: [from New England Historic Genealogical Society]

WILLIAM BREWSTER
ORIGIN: Leiden, Holland

MIGRATION: 1620 on Mayflower

FIRST RESIDENCE: Plymouth

REMOVES: Duxbury

OCCUPATION: Publisher (in Leiden). (See R. Breugelmans, ed., The Pilgrim Press, a bibliographical & historical memorial of the books printed at Leyden by the Pilgrim Fathers by Rendel Harris & Stephen R. Jones, With a chapter on the location of the Pilgrim Press in Leyden by Dr. Plooij, Partial reprint with new contributions by R. Breugelmans, J.A. Gruys & Keith Sprunger [Nieuwkoop 1987].)

CHURCH MEMBERSHIP: Morison summarized Brewster's church activities prior to 1620: "One of the original members of the separatist congregation at Scrooby which became the nucleus of the Pilgrim church, he immigrated with them to Holland in 1608, and became elder and teacher of their church at Leyden" [Morison 368]. With no minister at the Plymouth church for most of the years before Brewster's death, he was the lay leader and preached to the congregation regularly, and continued in this manner after his move to Duxbury. In the course of relating the controversy surrounding John Lyford, Bradford recounts how "our reverend Elder hath labored diligently in dispensing the Word of God to us, before he came: and since, hath taken equal pains with himself, in preaching the same" [Bradford 162]. Included in the inventory of his library were "7 sermons by W B," which may have been his notes for some of his own sermons.

FREEMAN: In 1633 Plymouth list of freemen, prior to those admitted on 1 January 1632/3 [PCR 1:3]. In list of 7 March 1636/7 [PCR 1:52]. In Plymouth section of list of 1639 (annotated "dead") [PCR 8: 173].

EDUCATION: Entered Peterhouse, Cambridge, 3 December 1580, but did not graduate [Venn 1:213; Morison 368]. Within the inventory of William Brewster separate listings were made of his Latin and English books, with nearly four hundred titles included; "the total of both Latin & English books amounts to the sum of £42 19s. 1 Id." [MD 3:27].

ESTATE: In the list of Plymouth "meersteads & garden plots of [those] which came first laid out 1620" Mr. W[illia]m Brewster is on the south side of the street, at the corner of the highway, and next to John Goodman [PCR 12:3].

In the 1623 Plymouth land division Mr. William Brewster received six acres as a passenger on the Mayflower, and "Pacience & Fear Brewster" received two acres as passengers on the Anne [PCR 12:4, 6]. In the 1627 Plymouth cattle division "Mr. Will[ia]m Brewster," Love Brewster and Wrestling Brewster were the first three names in the fifth company [PCR 12:10].

Assessed £1 7s in the Plymouth tax lists of 25 March 1633 and 27 March 1634 [PCR 1:9, 27].

Administration on the estate of William Brewster was granted on 5 June 1644 to Jonathan Brewster and Love Brewster [MD 3:15, citing PCR 2:101]. The inventory of the estate of William Brewster, taken 18 May 1644, totalled £150 7d., with no real estate included [MD 3:15-27, citing PCPR 1 :53-59].

"Whereas William Brewster late of Plymouth, gent., deceased left only two sons surviving vizt. Jonathan the eldest and Love the younger and whereas the said William died intestate for ought can to this day appear," the two sons requested William Bradford, Edward Winslow, Thomas Prence and Myles Standish to assist them in coming to an agreement, and on 20 August 1645 a division was made. Jonathan Brewster was excused the debt he had owed to his father, except £4 "in consideration of the wintering of some cattle which the said Jonathan had the summering upon the division and for the diet of Isaack Allerton a grandchild of the said Will[ia]m which he had placed with his son Love to table and because he was the first born of his father we gave him his father's arms and also a two year old heifer over and above his part of the dividables of the said estate," and Love received his father's dwelling house. The lands were divided equally, except for a dispute over the lands at Duxbury, of which sixty-eight acres went to Jonathan (along with a "dwelling house which the said Jonathan had built on the said land by leave of his said father") and forty-three acres went to Love "and the reason wherefore we gave Love the less quantity was and is because the quality of Love's land in goodness is equal to the quantity of Jonathan's as we judge" [MD 3:27-30, citing PCLR 1:198-99; PCR 12:115-17].

BIRTH: About 1566, probably at Scrooby, Nottinghamshire, son of William Brewster.

DEATH: Duxbury 10 April 1644 [MD 1:7].

MARRIAGE: By 1593 Mary____. She died at Plymouth 17 April 1627 [MD 1:7]. (See COMMENTS below for discussion of her identity.)

CHILDREN:

JONATHAN BREWSTER, b. Scrooby, Nottinghamshire, 12 August 1593 [MD 1:7]; m. Plymouth 10 April 1624 "Lucretia Oldam of Darby" [MD 1:8]; she was bp. All Saints, Derby, Derbyshire, 14 January 1600/1, and was sister of JOHN OLDHAM [PM 345].
PATIENCE BREWSTER, b. say 1603; m. Plymouth 5 August 1624 THOMAS PRENCE [PM 374], "the ninth marriage at New Plymouth" [Prince 229].
FEAR BREWSTER, b. say 1605; m. Plymouth by 1627 ISAAC ALLERTON [Bradford 218,242; PM 10].
LOVE BREWSTER, b. say 1607; m. Plymouth 15 May 1634 Sarah Collier [PCR 1:30], daughter of WILLIAM COLLIER [PM 128].
Child BREWSTER, bur. St. Pancras, Leiden, 20 June 1609 [NS] [Dexter 605].
WRESTLING BREWSTER, b. say 1611; d. unm after 1627 and by 1651 [Bradford 444; see GDMNH 109, MD 43:13, Waterhouse Anc 67].
COMMENTS: In his list of passengers on the Mayflower Bradford included "Mr. William Brewster, Mary, his wife, with two sons, whose names were Love and Wrestling" [Bradford 441]. In the accounting of 1651 we find that "Mr. Brewster lived to very old age; about 80 years he was when he died, having lived some 23 or 24 years here in the country. And though his wife died long before, yet she died aged. His son Wrestling died a young man unmarried. His son Love lived till this year 1650 and died and left four children, now living. His daughters which came over after him are dead but have left sundry children alive. His eldest son is still living and hath nine or ten children; one married who hath a child or two" [Bradford 444].

The quest for the identity of Mary, the wife of William Brewster, has attracted the attention of many genealogists, but as yet without a definitive result. For some time she had been thought to be Mary Wentworth, daughter of Thomas Wentworth of Scrooby, and in 1965 John G. Hunt presented his case in favor of this identity [TAG 41:1-5, 63], but this claim was rejected by Rubincam and others, and Hunt himself has now given up this position. He has, however, published a pamphlet claiming that she was a certain Mary Wyrrall, based on the appearance in a will of a bequest to "Mary Butho," which Hunt took be a variant of Brewster resulting from a speech defect in the person dictating the will [John G. Hunt, Of Mary Brewster: The Identity of Mary, Wife of Elder William BREWSTER of the Mayflower Voyage of 1620 from Plymouth, England, to New Plymouth, New England (Bowling Green, Virginia, 1984)]. Eugene A. Stratton reviewed this volume negatively in 1985 [Detroit Society for Genealogical Research Magazine 48:135-36], to which Hunt responded with a supplement to his pamphlet [Of Mary Brewster, part two (Bowling Green, Virginia, August 1985]. The maiden surname of Mary, wife of Elder Brewster, remains unknown. (Hunt has published other articles on various aspects of William Brewster's life, which, as with all of Hunt's work, need to be used with caution: "'Master Williamson' of the Mayflower" [NGSQ 62:88-90]; "The Mother of Elder William Brewster of the Mayflower" [NEHGR 124:250-56]; "Mary Stubbe - A Connection of Elder William Brewster?" [NEHGR 128:288-90].)

A number of other children have been proposed for William Brewster, although there is no reason to accept any of these proposals. Jacobus in 1936 disposed of the claimed connections between William Brewster of Plymouth and Francis Brewster of New Haven and his son Nathaniel [TAG 12:199-210, 13:8-21, 113-116]. Mary Walton Ferris proposed a son Edward, for whom there is no evidence [Dawes-Gates 2:151].

BIBLIOGRAPHIC NOTE: Emma C. Brewster Jones published early in this century a serviceable genealogy of the family [The Brewster Genealogy, 1566-1907 ..., 2 volumes (New York 1908)]. Among the many versions of the family published in all-my-ancestor volumes the most complete is that of Mary Walton Ferris [Dawes-Gates 2:142-56].

The General Society of Mayflower Descendants published in its "Mayflower Families in Progress" series an accounting of the first four generations of descendants of William Brewster, prepared by Barbara Lambert Merrick, the third edition of which was published in 2000. Two additional volumes by the same compiler were published in 1999 and 2000, the first of these on the fifth-generation descendants of son Jonathan Brewster, and the second on the fifth-generation descendants of daughter Patience (Brewster) Prence.

In 1985 and 1986 Jeremy D. Bangs published a three-part article presenting and discussing all known documents naming Jonathan Brewster in Leiden [MQ 51:161-67, 52:6-16, 57-63]. Bangs examined the claim made by the Dexters that Jonathan Brewster had an earlier wife and child while residing in Leiden and determined that the records cited by the Dexters did not pertain to Jonathan Brewster.4

Citations

  1. [S2093] MayflowerHistory.com by Caleb Johnson
  2. [S1958] Information from Wikipedia.org
  3. [S2092] Mayflower Births and Deaths, Vol. 1 and 2
  4. [S4171] New England Historic Genealogical Society